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ORIGINAL ARTICLE  EXERCISE PHYSIOLOGY AND BIOMECHANICS 

The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 2017 April;57(4):362-8

DOI: 10.23736/S0022-4707.16.06115-X

Copyright © 2016 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

language: English

Warm-up effects from concomitant use of vibration and static stretching after cycling

Wen-Wen YANG 1, 2, Chiang LIU 2, Tzyy-Yuang SHIANG 3

1 Department of Physical Therapy and Assistive Technology, National Yang-Ming University, Taipei, Taiwan; 2 Graduate Institute of Sports Equipment Technology, University of Taipei, Taipei, Taiwan; 3 Department of Athletic Performance, National Taiwan Normal University, Taipei, Taiwan


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BACKGROUND: Static stretch is routinely used in traditional warm-up but impaired muscle performance. Combining vibration with static stretching as a feasible component may be an alternative to static stretching after submaximal aerobic exercise to improve jumping as well as flexibility. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to investigate and compare the effects of aerobic exercise, static stretching, and vibration with static stretching on flexibility and vertical jumping performance.
METHODS: A repeated measures experimental design was used in this study. Twelve participants randomly underwent 5 different warm-ups including cycling alone (C warm-up), static stretching alone (S warm-up), combining vibration with static stretching (VS warm-up), cycling followed by S (C+S warm-up), and cycling followed by VS (C+VS warm-up) on 5 separate days. Sit-and-reach, squat jump (SJ), and counter movement jump (CMJ) were measured for pre- and post- tests.
RESULTS: The sit-and-reach scores after the S, VS, C+S and C+VS warm-ups were significantly enhanced (P<0.001), and were significantly greater than that of the C warm-up (P<0.05). The jumping height of SJ and CMJ after the C and C+VS warm-ups were significantly increased (P<0.05), whereas a significant reduction was found after the S warm-up (P<0.05).
CONCLUSIONS: Vibration combined with stretching after submaximal cycling exercise (C+VS warm-up) could be a feasible warm-up protocol to improve both flexibility and vertical jump performance, compared with the traditional warm-up (C+S warm-up).


KEY WORDS: Muscle strength - Articular range of motion - Lower extremity - Vibration - Muscle stretching exercises

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