Home > Journals > The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness > Past Issues > The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 2017 March;57(3) > The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 2017 March;57(3):244-51

CURRENT ISSUE
 

JOURNAL TOOLS

eTOC
To subscribe
Submit an article
Recommend to your librarian
 

ARTICLE TOOLS

Publication history
Reprints
Permissions
Cite this article as

 

ORIGINAL ARTICLE  BODY COMPOSITION, NUTRITION 

The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 2017 March;57(3):244-51

DOI: 10.23736/S0022-4707.16.05664-4

Copyright © 2015 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

language: English

Physical fitness of secondary school adolescents in relation to the body weight and the body composition: classification according to World Health Organization. Part I

Agnieszka CHWAŁCZYŃSKA, Grzegorz JĘDRZEJEWSKI, Małgorzata SOCHA, Wiesława JONAK, Krzysztof A. SOBIECH

Unit of Human Biology, Department of the Principles of Physiotherapy, University School of Physical Education, Wrocław, Poland


PDF


BACKGROUND: Underweight and obesity are important factors affecting the level of physical fitness. The aim of this study was to assess physical fitness of lower secondary school adolescents in relation to BMI.
METHODS: Two-hundred students, aged 14-16, were examined. Respondents were divided into 4 groups according to BMI classification. The body height and weight were determined. Physical fitness was assessed on the basis Zuchora’s ISF tests.
RESULTS: The body weight deficiency occurred in 3% of girls and 5% of boys, overweight was noted in 14% of both groups, and obesity in 6% and 12% accordingly. Statistically significant differences were determined in the components of physical fitness. They were noted in both genders between the group of children with standard body weight and overweight as well as obese children. Significant negative correlations were determined between and the components of physical fitness. More significant correlations giving evidence to the decrease of Zuchora’s ISF score along with the increase of BMI were more significant in girls.
CONCLUSIONS: Statistically significant differences between the boys and girls were determined in all five Zuchora‘s tests. The highest scores in physical fitness were achieved by the boys and girls with weight deficiency.


KEY WORDS: Motor activity - Body Mass Index - Overweight - Obesity - Adolescent

top of page