Home > Journals > The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness > Past Issues > The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 2016 December;56(12) > The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 2016 December;56(12):1455-64

CURRENT ISSUE
 

JOURNAL TOOLS

eTOC
To subscribe
Submit an article
Recommend to your librarian
 

ARTICLE TOOLS

Publication history
Reprints
Permissions
Cite this article as

 

ORIGINAL ARTICLE  EXERCISE PHYSIOLOGY AND BIOMECHANICS 

The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 2016 December;56(12):1455-64

Copyright © 2016 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

language: English

Post-activation potentiation effects on vertical and horizontal explosive performances of young handball and basketball athletes

Antonio DELLO IACONO 1, Johnny PADULO 2, 3, Alon ELIAKIM 1, 4, Roni GOTTLIEB 1, Rafi BARELI 1, Yoav MECKEL 1

1 Zinman College of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Wingate Institute, Netanya, Israel; 2 eCampus University, Novedrate, Italy; 3 Tunisian Research Laboratory for Sport Performance Optimization, National Center of Medicine and Science in Sports (CNMSS), Tunis, Tunisia; 4 Child Health and Sports Center, Department of Pediatrics, Meir Medical Center, Sackler School of Medicine, Tel-Aviv University, Tel-Aviv, Israel


PDF


BACKGROUND: The present study was designed to compare the effects of post-activation potentiation (PAP) protocols on explosive activities of trained young athletes.
METHODS: Twenty-six young team sport players (handball, N.=12; basketball, N.=14; mean age 15.4±0.3 years; mean height 169.5±6.4 cm; mean weight 61.4±7.6 kg; Tanner stages 3 and 4) performed seven countermovement jumps (CMJ) and seven 20-meter sprints at baseline, ~15s, 4, 8, 16, 24 and 30 minutes after three different stimulus conditions: 3 sets of 10 repetitions of double-leg drop jumps (PAPD), 3 sets of 5 repetitions of alternate-one-leg drop jumps (PAPO), or walking control (CON).
RESULTS: A significant reduction in explosive performance was observed at each time-point in both groups. Negative PAP effect occurred on the 20-meter sprint in PAPO at 16 (P=0.008), 24 (P=0.001) and 30 minutes (P<0.001) and in PAPD at 30 minutes (P=0.002) compared to CON.
CONCLUSIONS: This study indicated the negative effect of PAP on subsequent explosive performance in young team sport players. These findings represent a practical suggestion for the prudent use of PAP protocols aimed at enhancing vertical and horizontal explosive performances of young athletes.


KEY WORDS: Warm-up exercise - Basketball - Muscle strength - Athletic performance

top of page