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The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 2012 October;52(5):457-64

Copyright © 2012 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

language: English

The contribution of underwater kicking efficiency in determining “turning performance” in front crawl swimming

Zamparo P. 1, Vicentini M. 1, Scattolini A. 1, 2, Rigamonti M. 2, Bonifazi M. 3, 4

1 Department of Neurological, Neuropsychological, Morphological and Movement Sciences, Faculty of Exercise and Sport Sciences, University of Verona, Verona, Italy; 2 FIN (Italian Swimming Federation), Centro Federale, Verona, Italy; 3 FIN Centro Studi e Ricerche, Roma, Italy; 4 Department of Neurological, Neurosurgical and Behavioural Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, University of Siena, Siena, Italy


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AIM: The aim of this study was to analyze the effects: 1) of maximal velocity (vout max) and acceleration (aout max) attained during the turn; 2) of deceleration (-aglide) and glide efficiency (GE) in the gliding phase after the turn; and 3) of the efficiency (hF) of the dolphin kick in determining the velocity and acceleration in the first 5 and the following 10 m after a turn (v5, v5-15, a5 and a5-15) in a 100 m simulated front crawl race.
METHODS: The experiments were conducted on 13 swimmers (7M/5F) and all the above mentioned parameters were derived from underwater kinematical analysis.
RESULTS: The 100 m times were smaller the larger v5, v5-15, a5 and a5-15. In turn, v5, v5-15, a5 and a5-15 were significantly related to vout max and aout max as well as to ηF and GE (R>0.57, P<0.05).
CONCLUSION: Data reported in this study indicate that in the first 5-15 m after the turn, velocity is essentially sustained by the force generated by the swimmer on the pool wall but also indicate the importance of an efficient dolphin kick (and of a streamlined glide) in determining the values of velocity and acceleration in this phase of the race.

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