Home > Journals > The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness > Past Issues > The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 2011 December;51(4) > The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 2011 December;51(4):633-8

CURRENT ISSUE
 

JOURNAL TOOLS

eTOC
To subscribe PROMO
Submit an article
Recommend to your librarian
 

ARTICLE TOOLS

Reprints
Permissions

 

ORIGINAL ARTICLES  EXERCISE AND SPORTS CARDIOLOGY 

The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 2011 December;51(4):633-8

Copyright © 2012 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

language: English

Echocardiographic study of structure and functional cardiac profile of football referees

Ruiz Caballero J. A. 1, Brito Ojeda E. 1, García-Aranda J. M. 2, Mallo J. 3, Helsen W. 4, Sarmiento S. 1, García-Manso J. M. 1, Navarro Valdivielso M. E. 1

1 Physical Education Department, University of Las Palmas of Gran Canaria, Spain; 2 Refereeing Department International Federation of Football Association (FIFA), Switzerland; 3 Faculty of Physical Activity and Sport Sciences (INEF), Technical University of Madrid (UPM), Spain; 4 Biomedical Kinesiology Department Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Belgium


PDF


AIM: The aim of this study was to analyze, through echocardiography, the structure and functional cardiac profile of national category Spanish soccer referees.
METHODS:The sample consisted of 54 licensed referees, who belonged to the Football Inter-Insular Federation of Las Palmas. The sample presented a mean age of 28.52±6.39 years, a height of 1.76±0.07 m, a body mass of 77.26±10.74 kg and a Body Mass Index of 24.90±2-73 kg/m2. The diastolic and systolic dimensions of the left ventricle were 50.03±4.79 mm and 33.74±5.23 mm, respectively. The thicknesses of the interventricular septum and the posterior wall of the left ventricle were 9.77±1.53 mm and 9.47±1.54 mm, respectively. The left ventricular mass was 112.80±26.53 g/m2, the diastolic volume of the left ventricle 135.09±39.63 mL and the ejected volume 47.34±12.44 mL/m2.
RESULTS:This study shows that the echocardiographic profile of football referees is characterized by presenting an increase in the left ventricular mass caused by an increase of the cardiac chambers and a normal systolic and diastolic function. The values obtained by football referees were higher than those found in sedentary people and lower than in professional football players.
CONCLUSION: These differences may be due to the different physical training workloads employed by football players and referees.

top of page