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Original articles  EXERCISE PHYSIOLOGY AND BIOMECHANICS 

The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 2004 June;44(2):164-72

Copyright © 2009 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

language: English

Physiologic profile of recreational male and female novice and experienced Tae Kwon Do practitioners

Toskovic N. N. 1, Blessing D. 2, Williford H. N. 3

1 Division of Physical Education Florida Memorial College, Miami, FL, USA 2 Health and Human Performance Department Auburn University, AL, USA 3 Department of Foundations, Secondary and Physical Education Auburn University Montgomery, AL, USA


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Aim. Sub­jects, 28 rec­re­a­tional ­male and ­female ­novice and expe­ri­enced Tae ­Kwon Do prac­ti­tioners (age 19-42 ­years), ­were exam­ined on 6 phys­io­log­ical param­e­ters: ­body com­po­si­tion (BF%, skin­fold meas­ures), flex­ibility (sit-and-reach and leg-­splits ­tests), ­lower and ­upper-­body ­dynamic mus­cular ­strength (leg ­press and ­bench ­press), abdom­inal ­strength and endu­rance (1-­minute ­timed, ­bent-­knee sit-ups ­test), ­lower ­extremity explo­sive ­power (ver­tical ­jump-and-­reach ­test), and car­di­o­vas­cular endu­rance (­graded exer­cise tread­mill ­test).
­Methods. Sub­jects ­were ­assigned to 1 of the 4 fol­lowing ­groups: Tae ­Kwon Do expe­ri­enced and ­trained men (MT), Tae ­Kwon Do expe­ri­enced and ­trained ­women (FT), ­novice Tae ­Kwon Do men (MN), and ­novice Tae ­Kwon Do ­women (FN).
­Results. ­Results of mul­tiple ­testing pro­ce­dures and com­par­ison ­across ­groups indi­cated ­that Tae ­Kwon Do ­black ­belts ­were ­more ath­let­i­cally fit as com­pared ­with ­that of ­novice Tae ­Kwon Do prac­ti­tioners of the ­same sex in ­spite of the ­fact ­that ­male and ­female ­black ­belts ­were ­older ­than ­their ­novice coun­ter­parts. Expe­ri­enced Tae ­Kwon Do sub­jects ­were ­stronger as meas­ured by ­lower ­body ­strength and ­showed ­better ­aerobic per­for­mance ­capacity as ­well as ­lower per­cent ­body fat. Addi­tion­ally, MT sub­jects dem­on­strated ­higher flex­ibility.
Con­clu­sion. The ­highly ­diverse ­training, ­repeated and con­tin­uous use of the ­legs and ­arms ­alone or com­bined ­with max­imal ­stretching, and ­high inten­sity exer­cise may ­account for ­observed dif­fer­ences ­among ­groups.

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