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Original articles  SPORT INJURIES AND REHABILITATION 

The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 2003 December;43(4):500-5

Copyright © 2009 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

language: English

Ice massage. Effects on exercise-induced muscle damage

Howatson G., Van Someren K. A.

School of Life Sciences, Kingston University, Kingston-upon-Thames, U.K.


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Aim. The pur­pose of ­this ­study was to exam­ine the ­effects of ice mas­sage on the ­signs and symp­toms asso­ciat­ed ­with exer­cise-­induced mus­cle dam­age.
Methods. Nine recrea­tion­al­ly resis­tance ­trained ­males per­formed an exer­cise pro­to­col ­designed to ­induce mus­cle dam­age on 2 sep­ar­ate occa­sions; ­this was per­formed on the dom­i­nant or non-dom­i­nant arm in a ran­dom ­cross ­over ­design. The pro­to­col con­sist­ed of 3 ­sets of 10 rep­e­ti­tions of sin­gle arm ­biceps ­curls, at 70% of a pre-deter­mined one rep­e­ti­tion max­i­mum (1RM), ­with the eccen­tric ­phase of the con­trac­tion extend­ed to 7 sec­onds. Subjects ­were ­also ran­dom­ly ­assigned to an ice mas­sage ­group or con­trol ­group in the ­cross ­over ­design and ­received treat­ments imme­di­ate­ly ­post-exer­cise, 24 ­hours and 48 ­hours ­post-exer­cise. 1RM, plas­ma crea­tine ­kinase (CK), mus­cle sore­ness (­DOMS), ­limb ­girth and ­range of ­motion (ROM) ­were meas­ured pre, imme­di­ate­ly ­post, 24 ­hours, 48 ­hours and 72 ­hours ­post-exer­cise.
Results. Significant ­time ­effects ­were ­observed for all depen­dent var­i­ables (p<0.05), ­though no sig­nif­i­cant ­group ­effects ­were ­observed. A ­group by ­time inter­ac­tion was ­found for CK (p<0.05), ­which at 72 ­hours ­post-exer­cise was sig­nif­i­cant­ly low­er in the ice mas­sage ­group (p<0.05).
Conclusion. These ­results indi­cate ­that ­although ice mas­sage reduc­es the appear­ance of CK it has no oth­er ­effect on ­signs and symp­toms asso­ciat­ed ­with exer­cise-­induced mus­cle dam­age.

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