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The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 2001 September;41(3):392-8

Copyright © 2002 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

language: English

Croatian rugby project. Part II: injuries

Babić Z., Mišigoj-Duraković M. *, Matasić H. **, Jančić J. ***

From the Vuk Vrhovac University Clinic for Diabetes, Endocrinology and Metabolic Diseases, * Department of Kinesiological Anthropology Faculty of Physical Education, ** Special Hospital for Cardiovascular Surgery and Cardiology Krapinske toplice, Croatia *** “Lek” Zagreb, Zagreb, Croatia


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Background. Studies of rug­by inju­ries in coun­tries ­where rug­by is not pop­u­lar are ­rare. The aim of the ­study was to ana­lyze the epi­dem­i­ol­o­gy and oth­er char­ac­ter­is­tics of inju­ries in the ­first Croatian-Slovenian rug­by ­league (­CSRL) and the influ­ence of anthro­po­met­ric char­ac­ter­is­tics, ­body com­po­si­tion and con­sti­tu­tion on the epi­dem­i­ol­o­gy of inju­ries.
Methods. Eleven anthro­po­met­ric meas­ures for the assess­ment of anthro­po­met­ric char­ac­ter­is­tics, ­body com­po­si­tion and con­sti­tu­tion ­were ­obtained in a sam­ple of 111 vol­un­tar­i­ly par­tic­i­pat­ing rug­by ­players ­from the ­CSRL in the mid­dle of the sea­son 1996/97. After the sea­son a ques­tion­naire ­about inju­ries sus­tained in the ­past sea­son was ret­ro­spec­tive­ly ­filled up by 106 ­players who fin­ished the ­first ­part of the ­study. Injuries ­were clas­si­fied accord­ing to Garraway and Macleod and the 9th revi­sion of the International Classification of Diseases.
Results. The inci­dence of inju­ries was 1.24 per 1000 ­hours of rug­by train­ing and 28.22 per 1000 ­hours of play­ing in ­matches. Low ­club posi­tion in rug­by divi­sion (sta­tis­ti­cal­ly sig­nif­i­cant, p<0.05), age ­from 25 to 34 ­years, for­wards posi­tion in a ­team, ­being tack­led, and begin­ning of ­autumn or ­spring sea­son ­were iden­ti­fied as ­risk fac­tors for inju­ries. The ­most fre­quent ­sites of inju­ry ­were ­legs. The ­most fre­quent inju­ries ­were dis­lo­ca­tions, ­strains and ­sprains of ­ankle and ­foot.
Conclusions. The inci­dence of inju­ries in match­es was ­more ­than two ­times high­er ­than in ­more devel­oped Scottish rug­by, sta­tis­ti­cal­ly pos­i­tive­ly cor­re­lat­ing ­with the ­team posi­tion in divi­sion. There are no sta­tis­ti­cal­ly sig­nif­i­cant dif­fer­enc­es in anthro­po­met­ric char­ac­ter­is­tics, ­body com­po­si­tion and con­sti­tu­tion of ­injured and unin­jured ­players.

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