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The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 1999 March;39(1):74-9

Copyright © 1999 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

language: English

An examination of mood changes and performance in a professional basketball team

Hoffman J. R. 1, Bar-Eli M. 2, 3, Tenenbaum G. 4

1 Aeromedical Center, Israel Air Force, Israel; 2 Ribstein Center for Research and Sport Medicine Sciences Wingate Institute, Netanya, Israel; 3 School of Management, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Beer-sheva, Israel; 4 Department of Psychology, University of Southern Queensland, Australia


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Background. The pur­pose of ­this ­study was to exam­ine the rela­tion­ship ­between the Profile of Mood States (­POMS) and per­for­mance in a pro­fes­sion­al bas­ket­ball ­team.
Methods. Participants: seven ­male pro­fes­sion­al bas­ket­ball ­players play­ing for the defend­ing cham­pions of the Israel Basketball League par­tic­i­pat­ed in ­this ­study. Experimental ­design: the ­POMS was admin­is­tered sev­en ­times (T1-T7) dur­ing the sea­son. The ­initial ­POMS admin­is­tra­tion was per­formed ­three ­weeks fol­low­ing the ­start of pre­sea­son prac­tice and one day ­prior to the ­first bas­ket­ball ­game. Each of the oth­er ­POMS admin­is­tra­tions ­were per­formed two ­days fol­low­ing a ­game and no ­more ­than 2 ­days ­before the ­next ­game.
Results. Typical ice­berg pro­files ­were ­observed dur­ing T1, T2 and T3, ­which coin­cid­ed ­with suc­cess­ful per­for­mance (win­ning per­cent­ag­es great­er ­than 60% ­between ­each ­POMS admin­is­tra­tion). Subsequent decreas­es in per­for­mance ­between T3 and T4 (a 33% win­ning per­cent­age) result­ed in a ­decrease in vig­or and an ­increase in ­anger. As ­team per­for­mance ­improved ­between T4 and T5 (win­ning per­cent­age ­again ­above 60%), vig­or ­returned to its orig­i­nal lev­el. However, the ­mood ­states ­anger and depres­sion ­remained ele­vat­ed, ­even dur­ing suc­cess­ful ­team ­play. This may ­have ­been relat­ed to prob­lems inde­pen­dent of bas­ket­ball per­for­mance (coach­ing and finan­cial). Conclusions. These ­results sug­gest ­that the ­mood ­state vig­or may be reflec­tive of ­team per­for­mance. In addi­tion, ­mood ­states ­appear to be influ­enced ­more by per­for­mance or expe­ri­ence, rath­er ­than per­for­mance ­being influ­enced by chang­es in ­mood ­states.

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