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Il Giornale Italiano di Radiologia Medica 2019 Marzo-Aprile;6(2):143-7

DOI: 10.23736/S2283-8376.19.00178-5

Copyright © 2019 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

language: English, Italian

Lipoid pneumonia: radiologic findings and case report

Andrea MOLINARI 1 , Federico PISTOIA 1, Sonia CASELLA 1, Donatella CATALDO 2

1 School of Specialty in Radiodiagnostics (DISSAL), University of Genoa, Genoa, Italy; 2 Unit of Emergency Radiology, Hospital of Sanremo, Sanremo, Imperia, Italy


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We present a chronic exogenous lipoid pneumonia case and its imaging features. Lipoid pneumonia is a rare disease characterized by intra-alveolar and interstitial fat material accumulation. The pathogenesis of the exogenous form is related to inhalation and aspiration, occasional or chronic, of oil-based substances; the endogenous form can be a manifestation of a miscellaneous lung diseases. Some imaging features are particularly important (above all region-of-interest measurement and Hounsfield Unit density analysis). Correlation with clinical-anamnestic features is mandatory. Sometimes histopathologic confirmation is required.


KEY WORDS: Pneumonia, lipid; Tomography, X-ray computed; Thorax; Radiology

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