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Il Giornale Italiano di Radiologia Medica 2018 Marzo-Aprile;5(2):257-62

DOI: 10.23736/S2283-8376.18.00044-X

Copyright © 2018 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

language: Italian

Faun tail and diastematomyelia: a rare cutaneous marker of spinal dysraphism

Carmelo AMATO 1 , Salvatore ROMANO 1, Carmelo SCHEPIS 2

1 Unità Operativa Diagnostica per Immagini e Neuroradiologia, Oasi Research Institute-IRCCS, Troina, Enna, Italia; 2 UOS Dermatologia, Oasi Research Institute-IRCCS, Troina, Enna, Italia


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As both skin and nervous tissue are of ectodermal origin, anomalies of these structures may occur together. Faun tail is a rare form of lumbosacral hyperthricosis often associated with occult spinal dysraphism and especially with diastematomyelia. We report a case of a 4-year-old female child with faun tail in which MRI revealed diastematomyelia, low conus, vertebral abnormalities and arachnoid cyst. Despite of severe neuroradiologic findings, no significant changes were observed on neurologic and orthopaedic examinations. Early recognition of this condition is mandatory to start the correct clinical workup for preventing or minimizing dangerous sequels, related to cord tethering, that can appear later in life.


KEY WORDS: Spinal dysraphism - Neural tube defects - Child

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