Home > Journals > Panminerva Medica > Past Issues > Articles online first > Panminerva Medica 2020 Jun 23

CURRENT ISSUE
 

JOURNAL TOOLS

eTOC
To subscribe
Submit an article
Recommend to your librarian
 

ARTICLE TOOLS

Publication history
Reprints
Permissions
Cite this article as

 

 

Panminerva Medica 2020 Jun 23

DOI: 10.23736/S0031-0808.20.03990-7

Copyright © 2020 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

language: English

Obesity promotes the global hypomethylation of CD4+ T cells in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus via downregulating DNMT1

Linxin HOU 1, Shasha LI 2, 3, Mengmeng ZHAO 2

1 Department of Rheumatology and Immunology, Shengjing Hospital of China Medical University, Shenyang, China; 2 Department of Rheumatology and Immunology, First Affiliated Hospital of China Medical University, Shenyang, China; 3 Department of adolescent Tuberculosis, The Sixth People's Hospital of Zhengzhou, Zhengzhou, China


PDF


BACKGROUND: The global hypomethylation of CD4+ T cells in Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE) patients has been previously reported. However, potential influencing factors are unclear. This study aims to uncover the potential influence of obese on hypomethylated CD4+ T cells in SLE patients.
METHODS: Obese SLE patients with body mass index (BMI) > 30 (n=15) and normal weight SLE patients with 18 < BMI < 25 (n=20) were included. SLEADI, nRNP and dsDNA levels in them were detected. Methylation rate of CD4+ T cells isolated from SLE patients was assessed, as well as its correlation to BMI and systemic lupus erythematosus disease activity index (SLEADI) in SLE patients. Subsequently, relative level and catalytic activity of DNA (cytosine-5)-methyltransferase 1 (DNMT1) were examined. New Zealand Black/White (NZB/W) mice were fed high-fat diet for generating obesity model or normal diet, followed by detection of anti-nuclear-ribonuclear-protein (nRNP) immumoglobulin G (IgG), anti-double-stranded (ds) DNA IgG, methylation rate of CD4+ T cells and DNMT1 level.
RESULTS: SLEADI, nRNP and dsDNA levels were higher in obese SLE patients than normal weight cases. SLEADI was positively correlated to BMI in included SLE patients. Compared with normal weight SLE patients, methylation rate of CD4+ T cells was lower in obese patients. DNMT1 was downregulated in obese SLE patients, and its level was negatively correlated to BMI in SLE patients. Consistently, methylation rate of CD4+ T cells and DNMT1 level remained lower in obese SLE mice than those normally fed mice with SLE.
CONCLUSIONS: Hypomethylated CD4+ T cells extensively occur in SLE patients, which are much more pronounced in obese cases. DNMT1 level is found to be negatively correlated to the methylation rate of CD4+ T cells in SLE patients.


KEY WORDS: Systemic lupus erythematosus; Hypomethylation; CD4+ T cells; Obese; DNMT1

top of page