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Panminerva Medica 2021 December;63(4):451-7

DOI: 10.23736/S0031-0808.21.04384-6


language: English

The intergated approach to the management of arterial hypertension: The Campania Salute Network

Maria V. MANZI 1, Costantino MANCUSI 1, Valentina TRIMARCO 2, Raffaele IZZO 1, Danilo FRANCO 1, Emanuele BARBATO 1, Carmine MORISCO 1 , Bruno TRIMARCO 1

1 Department of Advanced Biomedical Sciences, Federico II University, Naples, Italy; 2 Department of Neuroscience and Reproductive and Dental Sciences, Federico II University, Naples, Italy

The second half of the last century was characterized by intense research in the field of arterial hypertension and related therapies. These studies showed that the management of arterial hypertension requires a robust coordination with close integration of the “health care systems” and “health care professionals.” In 1998, the healthcare organization named “Campania Salute Network” was set up at the Federico II University, Naples, Italy. The Campania Salute Network involves 23 outpatient hypertensive clinics distributed in different community hospitals of the Regione Campania’s area, 60 randomly selected general practitioners uniformly distributed in the same area, and the Hypertension Clinic of the Federico II University (coordinating center). Through this network, clinical data collected at each visit are shared (via text messages or e-mails) with peripheral units (general practitioners and community hospital outpatient hypertensive clinics). The coordinating centre works in cooperation with the peripheral units in the treatment and follow-up of all hypertensive patients (i.e. assessing hypertension mediated organ damage and associated diseases). Information about patients are shared through on-line access to the remote web-based database. The integrated approach to the mamangement of hyperetension determined a better control of blood pressure, that was associated with a reduction of hypertension mediated organ damage and decreased incidence of fatal or non-fatal cardiovascular events. Furthermore, this innovative approach improved the adherence and the persistence to the initial pharmacologic treatment. Campania Salute Network is also a powerful tool for the clinical and translational research with more 15,000 hypertensive patients followed for more than 15 years. This database allowed, in prospetic, large scale studies, to identify the hemodiminamic and metabolic determinants of hypertension mediated organ damage and major cardiovascular events. The experience of Campania Salute Netwiork indicates that the creation of large databases from real life experiences becomes an indispensable condition also for artificial intelligence which, in the near future, thanks to scientific knowledge, the availability of particularly advanced hardware and software, will also be able to transform the management of arterial hypertension.

KEY WORDS: Arterial hypertension, Diabetes, Target organ damage, Left ventricular hypertrophy, Carotid atherosclerosis, Adherence to therapy

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