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REVIEWS  HEAD AND NECK CANCER 

Otorinolaringologia 2009 September;59(3):171-80

Copyright © 2009 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

language: English

Surgical approach to head and neck cancer

Baglam T. 1, Ozer E. 2

1 Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Gaziantep University, Gaziantep, Turkey 2 Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Arthur G. James Cancer Hospital and Richard J. Solove Research Institute Comprehensive Cancer Center, the Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, USA


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Head and neck carcinoma represents 6% of all the malignancies. Head and neck cancer itself or the treatment modalities used to treat it, can significantly alter the quality of life of the patient by negativity affecting the speech, swallowing, and breathing functions together with the disfigurement of the face and neck. Surgery and radiation therapy alone or in combination are the standard treatments for head and neck cancer. Although the term “preserving” is mainly used for radiation or chemoradiation treatment, most of the time the presentation of the organ and its function is successfully achieved by surgical organ preservation too while avoiding the toxic effects of chemoradiation treatment. Advancements in the area of transoral laser and robotic surgeries, minimally invasive surgical techniques, together with the optimal reconstructive surgery have been opening the new era of surgical organ preservation. Contemporary surgical approaches used to treat the oral cavity, and laryngopharyngeal carcinoma was the focus of this study. Management of the metastatic neck disease was also one of the major parts of the discussion.

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