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The Quarterly Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging 2020 September;64(3):321-5

DOI: 10.23736/S1824-4785.18.03078-9

Copyright © 2018 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

language: English

The effect of chewing-gum on dose rate of salivary gland in differentiated thyroid carcinoma patients treated with radioiodine

Mahdi HAGHIGHATAFSHAR , Reza NOWSHAD, Zahra ETEMADI, Tahereh GHAEDIAN

Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging Research Center, Namazi Teaching Hospital, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran



BACKGROUND: Although, different methods have been suggested on reducing salivary gland radiation after radioiodine administration, an effective preventive or therapeutic measure is still debated. To the best of our knowledge this is the second study that aimed to evaluate the effect of chewing-gum as a sialagogue on the radioiodine content of salivary gland, and radioiodine-induced symptoms of salivary gland dysfunction.
METHODS: Twenty-two patients who were referred to radioiodine therapy were randomized into chewing-gum (group A) and control (group B) groups. Anterior and posterior planar images including both head and neck were obtained 2, 6, 12, 24 and 48 hours after the administration of radioiodine in all patients and round regions of interest (ROI) were drawn for both left and right parotid glands with a rectangular ROI in the region of cerebrum as the background. All patients were followed once, 6 months after radioiodine administration via a phone call for subjective evaluation of symptoms related to salivary gland damage.
RESULTS: There was no significant difference between the two groups regarding the mean age, gender and initial iodine activity. The geometric mean of background-corrected count per administrated dose and acquisition time was calculated for bilateral parotid glands. This normalized parotid count showed a significant reduction in net parotid count in both groups during the first 48 hours after the radioiodine administration. However, no significant difference was found between the groups according to the amount and pattern of dose reduction in this time period.
CONCLUSIONS: This study revealed that chewing-gum had no significant effect on the radioiodine content of parotid glands during the first 48 hours after radioiodine administration. Also, no significant difference was found in the incidence of relevant symptoms after 6 months comparing both groups.


KEY WORDS: Chewing-gum; Salivary glands; Thyroid neoplasms

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