Home > Journals > The Quarterly Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging > Past Issues > The Quarterly Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging 2008 June;52(2) > The Quarterly Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging 2008 June;52(2):151-8

CURRENT ISSUE
 

JOURNAL TOOLS

eTOC
To subscribe PROMO
Submit an article
Recommend to your librarian
 

ARTICLE TOOLS

Reprints
Permissions

 

FOREWORD  NON-STANDARD PET NUCLIDES 

The Quarterly Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging 2008 June;52(2):151-8

Copyright © 2008 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

language: English

Image quality with non-standard nuclides in PET

Laforest R., Liu X.

Mallinckrodt Institute of Radiology Washington University School of Medicine St. Louis, MO, USA


PDF


Non-standard positron emission tomography (PET) nuclides bring with them the prospect of new chemistry leading the way to novel approaches for targeted imaging and therapy. In particular, the kinetic energy of the positron of some of these nuclides is high (as much as 4 MeV) and, thus, a highly specific PET probe can be very lethal to cancerous cells. However, the high positron energy will degrade the spatial resolution, and this degradation will be more important in high-resolution, small animal PET imaging, where most of the novel tracers are developed. This paper discusses the image quality in small animal PET imaging obtained with such nuclides. The nuclides of 60Cu, 61Cu and 64Cu, 76Br, 94mTc, and 89Zr will be particularly analyzed. The spatial resolution will be seen to degrade with nuclides with higher positron end-point energy, going from 1.7 mm for 18F to 2.2 mm for 76Br, for example. Many of these novel PET nuclides decay by the emission of cascades γ rays that are detected in coincidence with the positron annihilation photons which create additional noise on the images. However, the use of an image reconstruction algorithm, which includes a model of the statistical nature of nuclear decay and the modeling of the tomograph response, contributes to both improve the spatial resolution and at the same time reduce the image noise.

top of page