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Original Article   

Journal of Neurosurgical Sciences 2022 Apr 13

DOI: 10.23736/S0390-5616.22.05722-8


language: English

Intraoperative navigation in surgical management of traumatic spine injury: a propensity score matching analysis

Merritt D. KINON 1, Sima VAZQUEZ 2, Eris SPIROLLARI 2, Christina NG 2, Ankita DAS 2, Alexandria F. NAFTCHI 2, Aiden K. LUI 2, Cameron BEAUDREAULT 2, Tiffany MING 2, Jose F. DOMINGUEZ 1, Syed F. KAZIM 3, Chad D. COLE 3, Meic H. SCHMIDT 3, Chirag D. GANDHI 1, Rachana TYAGI 1, Vishad V. SUKUL 1, John K. HOUTEN 4, Christian A. BOWERS 3

1 Department of Neurosurgery, Westchester Medical Center & New York Medical College, Valhalla, NY, USA; 2 New York Medical College, Valhalla, NY, USA; 3 Department of Neurosurgery, University of New Mexico Hospital, Albuquerque, NM, USA; 4 Department of Spinal Neurosurgery, Maimonides Medical Center, Brooklyn, NY, USA

BACKGROUND: Traumatic spinal injury (TSI) can lead to severe morbidity and significant health care resource utilization. Intraoperative navigation (ION) systems have been shown to improve outcomes in some populations. However, controversy about the benefit of ION remains. To our knowledge, there is no large database analysis studying the outcomes of ION on TSI patients. Here we hope to compare complications and outcomes in patients with TSI undergoing spinal fusion of 3 or more levels with or without the use of ION.
METHODS: The 2015-2019 National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (NSQIP) database was queried for cases of posterior spinal instrumentation of 3 or more levels. This population was then selected for postoperative diagnosis consistent with TSI. The effect of prolonged operative time was analyzed for all patients. Propensity score matching analysis was performed to create ION case and non-ION control groups. Baseline demographic characteristics, complications, and outcome data were collected and compared between ION and non-ION groups.
RESULTS: A total of 1,034 patients were included in the propensity matched analysis. Among comorbidities, only obesity was significantly more likely in the non-ION group. There was no difference in case complexity between the two groups. ION was associated with higher incidence of prolonged operative time but was a negative independent predictor for sepsis. Prolonged operative time was a significant independent predictor for pulmonary embolism and requirement of transfusion in all patients. Discharge to home, readmission, and reoperation rates did not differ between TSI patients with or without ION.
CONCLUSIONS: Use of ION during posterior spinal fusion of 3 or more levels in TSI patients is not associated with worse outcomes. Prolonged operative time, rather than ION, appears to have a higher influence on the rate of complications in this population. Evaluation of ION in the context of specific populations and pathology is warranted to optimize its use.

KEY WORDS: National surgical quality improvement program; Operative time; Spine surgery; Navigation; Outcomes; Complications

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