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JOURNAL OF NEUROSURGICAL SCIENCES

A Journal on Neurosurgery


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Journal of Neurosurgical Sciences 2017 Nov 10

DOI: 10.23736/S0390-5616.17.04260-6

Copyright © 2017 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

language: English

Treatment strategies of spinal arteriovenous fistulas and malformations. Timing matters

Wing M. HO, Alice GÖRKE, Ondra PETR , Claudius THOMÉ

Department of Neurosurgery, Medical University Innsbruck, Innsbruck, Austria


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Spinal vascular malformations are a rare heterogenous entity of spinal lesions with abnormal blood vessels. They may occur extra- and intradurally, peri- and intramedullary, with confined or complex configuration, and at various levels of the spine. Associated clinical symptoms are extremely variable and may range from diffuse pain, to progressive myelopathy, and even to acute hemorrhage with severe neurological deficits. Often, the patients present with significant spinal cord injury before the spinal arteriovenous lesions are diagnosed. Early recognition of the pathology is essential to cease potential disease progression and neurological deterioration. Therefore, the purpose of this review is to describe the current findings in spinal arteriovenous lesions focusing on the timing of treatment and treatment modality.


KEY WORDS: Spinal arteriovenous malformation - Spinal arteriovenous fistula - Treatment - Review - Vascular lesion

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Publication History

Article first published online: November 10, 2017
Manuscript accepted: November 7, 2017
Manuscript received: November 4, 2017

Cite this article as

Ho WM, Görke A, Petr O, Thomé C. Treatment strategies of spinal arteriovenous fistulas and malformations. Timing matters. J Neurosurg Sci 2017 Nov 10. DOI: 10.23736/S0390-5616.17.04260-6

Corresponding author e-mail

ondra.petr@yahoo.com