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REVIEW  ENDOSCOPIC ENDONASAL APPROACHES TO THE ANTERIOR FOSSA 

Journal of Neurosurgical Sciences 2021 April;65(2):118-32

DOI: 10.23736/S0390-5616.20.05085-7

Copyright © 2020 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

language: English

Endoscopic endonasal surgery for anterior cranial fossa meningiomas

Hanna N. ALGATTAS 1 , Eric W. WANG 2, Georgios A. ZENONOS 1, Carl H. SNYDERMAN 2, Paul A. GARDNER 1

1 Department of Neurological Surgery, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Pittsburgh, PA, USA; 2 Department of Otolaryngology, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Pittsburgh, PA, USA



Meningiomas along the anterior skull base arise from the midline but have historically been resected via open cranial approaches with lateral to medial trajectories. The endoscopic endonasal approach (EEA) offers a direct, inferomedial approach which has demonstrated several superior qualities for their resection. These meningiomas include tuberculum sellae, planum sphenoidale, and olfactory groove meningiomas. While early gross total resection (GTR) was lower than open approaches, EEA has currently achieved comparable rates of GTR and significantly improved postoperative visual outcomes. Rate of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leak was one of the early complicating features preventing widespread use of EEA. However, CSF leak rates have dramatically fallen into a tolerable range with introduction of the vascularized nasoseptal flap. Olfactory groove meningiomas often present with anosmia which is persistent after endonasal approach. Rates of other complications have proven similar between EEA and open approaches and include: vascular injury, infection, morbidity, and mortality. With the appropriate team and experience, EEA for anterior skull base meningiomas is increasingly becoming the standard for resection of these lesions. However, there are certain anatomic considerations, patient features, and other aspects which may favor the open approach over EEA, and vice versa; these must be carefully and judiciously evaluated preoperatively. Overall, resection and recurrence rates are comparable, complication rates fall within a very acceptable range, and patients experience superior cosmesis and improved visual outcome with this approach.


KEY WORDS: Meningioma; Endoscopy; Cranial fossa, anterior

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