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Minerva Urology and Nephrology 2022 August;74(4):428-36

DOI: 10.23736/S2724-6051.21.04230-0


language: English

Predictors and survival benefit of achieving pentafecta in a contemporary series of open radical cystectomy

Mahmoud LAYMON , Ahmed MOSBAH, Abdewahab HASHEM, Amr A. ELSAWY, Hassan ABOL-ENEIN, Atallah A. SHAABAN, Ahmed M. HARRAZ

Department of Urology, Urology and Nephrology Center, Mansoura University, Mansoura, Egypt

BACKGROUND: Pentafecta provides a comprehensive approach for standardized reporting of surgical and oncologic outcomes after radical cystectomy and urinary diversion. We aimed to report the rate, predictors of achieving pentafecta and its impact on long-term survival in a contemporary series of open radical cystectomy (ORC).
METHODS: A retrospective analysis of a computerized database of patients treated with ORC between 2004 till 2014 was performed. Pentafecta criteria included negative soft tissue surgical margin (STSM), retrieval of ≥16 lymph nodes, absence of clinical recurrence within 12 months after surgery, absence of high-grade complication (GIII-V) within 90 days after surgery, and absence of urinary diversion related complications at 12 months follow-up. Multivariate analysis was used to identify predictors of achieving pentafecta.
RESULTS: Pentafecta was achieved in 545 (33.6%) patients out of 1624 included in the study. Absence of ≥16 LN yield was the first cause of missing pentafecta (49.5%). Multivariate analysis identified: ASA Score grades ≥III (OR=0.7, 95%CI 0.6-0.9, P=0.04), BMI≥35 (OR=0.5, 95%CI 0.3-0.8, P=0.007), perioperative blood transfusion (≥4 units) (OR=0.5, 95%CI 0.3-0.7, P=0.001), and ileal conduit (OR=0.7, 95%CI 0.5-0.9, P= 0.01) as independent predictors of missing pentafecta. Patients who achieved pentafecta had higher estimated 5-year RFS than their counterparts (81.7% vs. 62.5%; P<0.0001).
CONCLUSIONS: Pentafecta was achieved in nearly one third of patients after ORC. Achievement of pentafecta was associated with better long-term recurrence-free survival. Obesity (class II, III), perioperative blood transfusion (>4 units), associated comorbidities, and ileal conduit were independent predictors of missing pentafecta.

KEY WORDS: Cystectomy; Neoplasm recurrence, local; Survival

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