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Minerva Urology and Nephrology 2021 December;73(6):763-72

DOI: 10.23736/S2724-6051.20.03843-6


language: English

Postoperative outcomes of Fast-Track-enhanced recovery protocol in open radical cystectomy: comparison with standard management in a high-volume center and Trifecta proposal

Amelio ERCOLINO 1, Matteo DROGHETTI 1, Riccardo SCHIAVINA 1, 2, Lorenzo BIANCHI 1, 2 , Francesco CHESSA 1, 2, Federico MINEO BIANCHI 1, Umberto BARBARESI 1, Andrea ANGIOLINI 1, Carlo CASABLANCA 1, Angelo MOTTARAN 1, Enrico MOLINAROLI 1, Cristian PULTRONE 1, Hussam DABABNEH 1, Alessandro BERTACCINI 1, 2, Eugenio BRUNOCILLA 1, 2

1 Division of Urology, IRCCS Azienda Ospedaliero-Universitaria di Bologna, Bologna, Italy; 2 University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy

BACKGROUND: We aimed at comparing perioperative outcomes in patients submitted to radical cystectomy followed by Fast Track (FT) protocol or standard management, and propose a definition of Trifecta, to improve standardized quality assessment for RC.
METHODS: We considered 191 patients submitted to RC between January 2017 and January 2019. Patients followed FT or standard management according to surgeon’s preference. Preoperative and intraoperative characteristics, alongside with postoperative outcomes were compared between the two groups. Trifecta was defined as follows: in-hospital stay (HS) ≤ 10 days, time to defecation (TtD) below the overall mean and no major (≥ Clavien-Dindo grade III) complications. Finally, Trifecta achievement rates were assessed in both groups.
RESULTS: Seventy-five patients (39%) followed the FT protocol and 116 (61%) standard management. The two groups were homogeneous for preoperative, intraoperative and pathological characteristics. Patients in the FT group had shorter TtD (5 vs. 6 days P=0.006), HS (12 vs. 14 days P=0.008) and lower readmission rate (8% vs. 19% P=0.04). Early complication rates and grades were similar, while less late complications were found in FT group (6.7% vs. 21.6% P=0.006). Trifecta achievement rate was higher for FT group (31% vs. 8% P<0.001). Single-item failure percentages for HS, TtD and major grade complications were respectively 90%, 60% and 19%, with no difference between the two groups.
CONCLUSIONS: FT protocol can safely consent faster bowel recovery and earlier discharge after RC, plus reducing readmission rates. Using a Trifecta incorporating essential perioperative outcomes, could improve standardized quality assessment for RC.

KEY WORDS: Urinary bladder neoplasms; Cystectomy; Enhanced recovery after surgery

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