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Minerva Urology and Nephrology 2021 June;73(3):276-82

DOI: 10.23736/S2724-6051.20.03756-X

Copyright © 2020 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

language: English

Comparing the risk of cardiovascular disease following GnRH agonist and GnRH antagonist therapy for patient with prostate cancer: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Chengquan MA 1, Iruni R. ABEYSEKERA 2, 3, Wenbin XU 4, Ying WANG 5, Jia PENG 5, Hongjun LI 1

1 Department of Urology, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Peking Union Medical College, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Beijing, China; 2 Royal Prince Alfred Hospital, Camperdown, Sydney, Australia; 3 Department of Physiology and Pathophysiology, Tianjin Medical University, Tianjin, China; 4 Department of Medical Genetics, Institute of Basic Medical Science, Peking Union Medical College, Beijing, China; 5 Department of Cardiology, Fuwai Hospital, National Center for Cardiovascular Diseases, Peking Union Medical College, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Beijing, China



INTRODUCTION: The aim of this review is to compare the risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) following gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) agonist and GnRH antagonist therapy for patient with prostate cancer (PCa).
EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: We searched PubMed, Web of science, Opengery, Cochrane library databases and international congress reports for studies published before December 2019. This meta-analysis was conducted using Stata v. 12.0. Relative ratios (RRs) and their credible intervals (CI) were applied for the cardiovascular safety evaluation of androgen-deprivation therapy (ADT) medical interventions, including GnRH agonist and GnRH antagonist therapy. In addition, fixed-effect or random-effect models were applied in the statistical analyses according to the heterogeneity.
EVIDENCE SYNTHESIS: Six articles including 32,997 participants were analyzed with a random effects model. The results of meta-analysis showed that compared with GnRH agonist, the incidents of CVD was equal to GnRH antagonist therapy for patient with PCa (RR=0.98, 95% CI: 0.94-1.02). When considering, under sub-group analysis with randomized controlled trials (RCTs) or controlled clinical trials (CCTs), no statistical differences in risk of CVD were found in two sub-group analyses. No evidence of publication bias was found in our meta-analysis by a funnel plot (Pr> | z |=0.26).
CONCLUSIONS: This meta-analysis indicates that compared treatment with GnRH antagonist, risks of CVD in PCa patients was the same as GnRH agonist. Further RCTs are strongly required to provide more definitive evidence.


KEY WORDS: Prostatic neoplasms; Gonadotropin-releasing hormone; Cardiovascular diseases

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