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Minerva Urologica e Nefrologica 2017 June;69(3):253-61

DOI: 10.23736/S0393-2249.16.02634-5


language: English

Impact of preoperative hormonal stimulation on postoperative complication rates after hypospadias repair: a meta-analysis

Min CHAO 1, 2, Yin ZHANG 2, Chaozhao LIANG 1

1 Department of Urology, Anhui Provincial Children’s Hospital, Hefei, China; 2 Department of Urology, First Affiliated Hospital of Anhui Medical University, Hefei, China


INTRODUCTION: To improve the surgical outcome of hypospadias repair surgery, preoperative hormonal stimulation (PHS) has been proposed. We conducted a meta-analysis to evaluate the impact of preoperative hormonal stimulation (PHS) treatment on complication rates following hypospadias repair surgery.
EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: A comprehensive literature search up to June 1st, 2015 was carried out for relevant studies. After literature identification and data extraction, relative ratio (RR) was calculated to compare postoperative complication rates. Heterogeneity among individual studies was tested using the Cochran χ2 Q test and quantified by calculating the I2 index. Meta-regression was applied to find potential affective factors.
EVIDENCE SYNTHESIS: Overall, 428 patients from 6 studies had undergone primary hypospadias repair, of which 171 (39.95%) received some form of PHS with human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG), dihydrotestosterone (DHT) or testosterone (T). They underwent three different types of surgical techniques, including onlay island flap (N.=277), tubularized incised plate (N.=99) and Koyanagi urethroplasty (N.=52). These 6 studies classified the complication rates based on PHS. The relative ratio (RR) for a complication occurring following PHS use was 1.18 (95% CI: 0.70-2.00, Z=0.91, P=0.539). Significant heterogeneity (I2=47.1%, P=0.092) among various research literature was found and meta-regression was undertaken for the heterogeneity, but surgical technique, mean age of patients at time of surgery, types of PHS and the quality of studies were not the cause of heterogeneity.
CONCLUSIONS: Use of T, DHT and HCG prior to hypospadias repair does not appear to increase the incidence of postoperative complications, but further investigation is needed.

KEY WORDS: Preoperative care - Hypospadias - Postoperative complications - Meta-analysis

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