Home > Journals > Minerva Urologica e Nefrologica > Past Issues > Minerva Urologica e Nefrologica 2015 March;67(1) > Minerva Urologica e Nefrologica 2015 March;67(1):65-73

CURRENT ISSUE
 

JOURNAL TOOLS

eTOC
To subscribe PROMO
Submit an article
Recommend to your librarian
 

ARTICLE TOOLS

Reprints
Cite this article as

 

REVIEWS   

Minerva Urologica e Nefrologica 2015 March;67(1):65-73

Copyright © 2015 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

language: English

Muscle invasive bladder cancer: closing the gap between practice and evidence

Tsao C. K., Liaw B. C., Oh W. K., Galsky M. D.

Division of Hematology and Medical Oncology, The Tisch Cancer Institute, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, NY, USA


PDF


Bladder cancer is the fourth most common cancer in the United States, and will lead to an estimated 15,580 deaths in 2014. Prompted by physical symptoms and signs, most patients will initially present with clinically localized disease. Once bladder cancer invades beyond the muscularis propria, the likelihood of development of metastatic disease increases substantially. Radical cystectomy is potentially curative for muscle-invasive bladder cancer though approximately 50% of patients will develop metastatic recurrence. Two large randomized studies have demonstrated that the use of neoadjuvant cisplatin-based chemotherapy prior to cystectomy improves survival. However, despite the existing level 1 evidence, this approach has been largely underutilized in practice. In this review, we will focus on this disconnect between efficacy and effectiveness and explore possible solutions in an effort to bridge this existing gap.

top of page