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Original Article   Free accessfree

Minerva Surgery 2022 Jul 15

DOI: 10.23736/S2724-5691.22.09597-1

Copyright © 2022 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

language: English

Diagnostic value and safety of ultrathin bronchoscope and endobronchial ultrasonography with a guide sheath combined with rapid on-site evaluation system for peripheral pulmonary infectious diseases

Yongxue LIANG, Xia JIANG, Liwen MA, Yi LI, Han MA, Zhongping WANG

Second Ward of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, Kunming Yan’an Hospital, Kunming, Yunnan Province, China


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BACKGROUND: To investigate the diagnostic value and safety of ultrathin bronchoscope and endobronchial ultrasonography with a guide sheath (EBUS-GS) combined with rapid on-site evaluation (ROSE) system for peripheral pulmonary infectious diseases.
METHODS: The clinical data of 196 patients visiting our hospital, who had peripheral pulmonary lesions (PPLs) indicated by spiral computed tomography (CT) of the chest and were finally diagnosed as infectious PPLs, were retrospectively collected. Then the patients were divided into ultrathin bronchoscope + ROSE group, EBUS-GS + ROSE group and ultrathin bronchoscope + EBUS-GS + ROSE group based on different diagnostic techniques. Moreover, the general conditions, diagnostic results and specific operation parameters of the patients were recorded, and the diagnostic rate, sensitivity and complications were compared.
RESULTS: In ultrathin bronchoscope + EBUS-GS + ROSE group, the time of localizing lesions and operation time were the shortest, and the grade of bronchi reached by the bronchoscope was the highest. The differences were significant between any two groups (P<0.05). Patients with bacterial pneumonia, and patients with pulmonary tuberculosis and nontuberculous mycobacterial disease, ultrathin bronchoscope + EBUS-GS + ROSE group exhibited the highest definite diagnosis rate of bronchoscope and diagnostic sensitivity of ROSE system, with significant differences from those of the other two groups (P<0.05). The incidence rates of complications were low in all groups, and there were no significant differences between any two groups (P>0.05).
CONCLUSIONS: Ultrathin bronchoscope and EBUS-GS combined with ROSE system can prominently decrease the time of localizing lesions and operation time, remarkably improve the diagnostic accuracy and sensitivity and result in fewer complications.


KEY WORDS: Peripheral pulmonary infectious disease; Ultrathin bronchoscope; Endobronchial ultrasonography; Guide sheath; Rapid on-site evaluation

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