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Original Article   

Minerva Surgery 2022 Jul 05

DOI: 10.23736/S2724-5691.22.09606-X

Copyright © 2022 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

language: English

Assessment of laparoscopic inguinal hernia repair using the classification for single port laparoscopy in adolescents and young adults

Keiichiro TANAKA 1 , Ikuo WATANOBE 2, Nana NAKAZAWA-TANAKA 1, Hiroyuki SUGO 2, Masahiko URAO 1

1 Department of Pediatric Surgery, Juntendo University Nerima Hospital, Tokyo, Japan; 2 Department of General Surgery,
Juntendo University Nerima Hospital, Tokyo, Japan


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BACKGROUND: Inguinal hernia repair is one of the most common operations performed worldwide. No consensus currently exists regarding the most appropriate operation for inguinal hernia in adolescent and young adult (AYA) patients. This study aimed to evaluate the outcomes in AYA patients undergoing high ligation or mesh repair under laparoscopy by examining the location and size of the hernia orifice defect.
METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed all patients aged 15 to 40 years old who underwent laparoscopic hernia repair. Under single port laparoscopy, we classified the anatomic location (lateral, medial, or femoral) and size of the hernia orifice according to the classification by the European Hernia Society (EHS). A laparoscopic percutaneous extraperitoneal closure (LPEC) was performed on the patients with a lateral hernia with a hernia orifice defect size of ≤1.5cm (L1). Transabdominal preperitoneal (TAPP) repair was performed on the patients with a lateral hernia with a hernia orifice defect size of >1.5 cm (L2 or 3).
RESULTS: Overall, 40 patients underwent the mentioned surgical procedures. We performed LPEC on 22 patients, and TAPP on 18 patients. There were no intraoperative or postoperative complications and recurrences.
CONCLUSIONS: This is the first report that evaluated the outcomes of AYA patients who underwent high ligation or mesh repair under laparoscopy by examining the location and size of the hernia orifice defect. And our data indicated that LPEC were effective and safe for AYA patients with small hernia orifice defect.


KEY WORDS: Inguinal hernia; Adolescent; Young adult; LPEC; TAPP

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