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REVIEW  MANAGEMENT OF INTRAOPERATIVE AND POSTOPERATIVE COMPLICATIONS DURING LAPAROSCOPIC COLORECTAL PROCEDURES 

Minerva Surgery 2021 August;76(4):324-31

DOI: 10.23736/S2724-5691.21.08890-0

Copyright © 2021 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

language: English

Management of postoperative complications during laparoscopic anterior rectal resection

Armando G. FRANCHINI MELANI 1, 2 , Luis G. CAPOCHIN ROMAGNOLO 2, 3

1 Americas Medical City, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil; 2 Department of Surgery, IRCAD Latin America, Barretos, São Paulo, Brazil; 3 Department of Colon and Rectal Surgery, Barretos Cancer Hospital, Barretos, São Paulo, Brazil



Laparoscopic anterior resection (LAR) is currently a routine practice in specialized high-volume centers, with equivalent oncological outcomes in historical, open surgery. Appropriate pelvic dissection can be measured by the adequacy of circumferential margin (CRM) and distal margin, both are risk factors of local recurrence. Among the various operative procedures for colorectal cancer, low anterior resection (LAR) for rectal cancer is one of the most demanding procedures because it requires resection of cancer with surrounding mesorectal tissue and reconstruction with anastomosis in the narrow pelvis while preserving the autonomic nerves of the urogenital organs particularly in the male pelvis. Low anterior resection is associated with a relatively high incidence of postoperative morbidities, including anastomotic leakage and other operative site infections, and asymptomatic patients infected with COVID-19 submitted to elective could be at higher risk which sometimes result in postoperative mortality. Therefore, recognition of the incidence and risk factors of postoperative complications following low anterior resection is essential to prevent it. The importance of some risk factors such as age, nutrition status of the patient, experience of the surgeon and many other factors that influence outcome of colorectal surgery which could be modified preoperatively to prevent postoperative complications. In the other hand long term postoperative complications may promote tumor recurrence and decrease survival. The aims of this review are to provide an overview of the current literature on postoperative complications of rectal surgery and to describe risk factors and strategies to prevent, treat or reduce complications.


KEY WORDS: Postoperative complications; Laparoscopy; Colorectal surgery

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