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ORIGINAL ARTICLE   Free accessfree

Minerva Chirurgica 2020 April;75(2):77-82

DOI: 10.23736/S0026-4733.18.07757-X


language: English

Results following laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy in elderly obese patients: a single center experience with follow-up at three years

Paolo BIANCO 1, Antonia RIZZUTO 2, Nunzio VELOTTI 1, Alessio BOCCHETTI 1, Domenico MANZOLILLO 1, Paola MAIETTA 1, Marco MILONE 1, Maurizio AMATO 1, Giovanni CONZO 3, Oreste BUONOMO 4, Giuseppe PETRELLA 4, Mario MUSELLA 1

1 Department of Advanced Biomedical Sciences, Federico II University, Naples, Italy; 2 Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences, Magna Græcia University, Catanzaro, Italy; 3 Department of Cardiothoracic and Respiratory Sciences, Luigi Vanvitelli University, Naples, Italy; 4 Department of Surgery, Tor Vergata University, Rome, Italy

BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) represents the most performed bariatric surgical procedure worldwide. Morbid Overweight in elderly patients is becoming a significant health problem even in Italy. As well as in younger age groups, bariatric surgery could be indicated even in this subset of patients. However the advantages and results of LSG in patients over 60 years old have received minimal attention.
METHODS: The records of 375 patients underwent LSG between 2008 and 2016 were reviewed. In the entire series 18 patients were aged 60 years or older at the time of surgery. Since a 3 years follow-up was available for 12 patients out of the 18 aged over 60 we included in the study only these. General epidemiologic data, clinical findings, BMI and comorbidities surgical treatment and follow-up data were collected; postoperative measurements such as operative time, intraoperative complications, mortality rate, length of stay, incidence of early and late complications, Body mass Index (BMI), excess weight loss rate (EWL%) and comorbidities resolution were also recorded.
RESULTS: LSG was successfully performed for all geriatric patients. Global complications rate was 16.6% At 3 years mean BMI was 34.4±3.8 with a mean EWL% 66.1±31.9. Postoperative resolution of obesity comorbidities was observed; Hypertension (71.4%), type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM) (50.0%), obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) (66.6%) respectively. No intraoperative complications or mortality were recorded.
CONCLUSIONS: LSG offered cure in geriatric patients affected by morbid obesity for weight loss and comorbidities resolution. Larger studies are necessary to analyze and minimize the incidence of postoperative complications associated to this surgical procedure in elderly patients.

KEY WORDS: Gastrectomy; Obesity; Laparoscopy

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