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Minerva Chirurgica 2019 October;74(5):385-91

DOI: 10.23736/S0026-4733.19.07925-2


language: English

Biliovascuar complications: a price to pay for non-operative management of major liver trauma

Yashwant R. SAKARAY 1, Vikas GUPTA 1 , Thakur D. YADAV 1, Naveen KALRA 2, Virendra SINGH 3

1 Department of General Surgery, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India; 2 Department of Radiodiagnosis, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India; 3 Department of Hepatology, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India

BACKGROUND: With non-operative management of major liver trauma, there has been an increased incidence of biliovascular complications which are reported variably.
METHODS: Fifty-six patients with age of 29.79±11.40 years and M:F 8.3:1, with grade III or more liver trauma were evaluated after stabilization for the development of liver related complications. Patients with active contrast extravasation at admission were managed with immediate angioembolization. Patients with prolonged hospital stay underwent repeat CT prior to discharge. Radiological, endoscopic and surgical interventions were carried out as appropriate.
RESULTS: Ninety-eight percent had blunt abdominal injury. Mean injury severity score was 25.68±10.389. Four (7%) required damage control laparotomy. CECT showed grade III injuries in 52%, grade IV in 30.4%, and grade V in 18%. 11% had laceration extending to porta. Seventeen patients had 21 liver-related complications: 4 biliary, 12 vascular and 1 combined biliary and vascular. Liver related complications were- 3.5% in grade III, 52% in grade IV and 70% in grade V. One patient with active arterio-portal fistula required urgent angioembolization while other arterial pseudoaneurysms were detected 7.23±5.14 days after trauma. Angioembolization was successful in 83% patients. On univariate and multivariate analysis, PRBC requirement and injury grade were the predictors of bilivascular complications. Laceration extending to porta was a predictor for biliary complications and not vascular. Repeat CT picked up 13 complications in 10 patients.
CONCLUSIONS: Biliovascular complications are managed by multidisciplinary approach. Lacerations extending to porta and grade IV/V injuries have a higher chance of developing biliovascular complications and should be observed closely.

KEY WORDS: Liver; Wounds and injuries; Embolization, therapeutic

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