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Minerva Chirurgica 2019 August;74(4):334-47

DOI: 10.23736/S0026-4733.18.07932-4


language: English

Pancreatoscopy in endoscopic treatment of pancreatic duct stones: a systematic review

Christian GERGES 1, David PULLMANN 1, Markus SCHNEIDER 1, Peter SIERSEMA 2, Erwin van GEENEN 2, Horst NEUHAUS 1, Torsten BEYNA 1

1 Department of General Internal Medicine and Gastroenterology, Evangelical Hospital Düsseldorf, Düsseldorf, Germany; 2 Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Radboud University Medical Center, Nijmegen, the Netherlands

INTRODUCTION: Treatment of chronic calcifying pancreatitis is challenging and requires an interdisciplinary approach including endoscopist, surgeon and radiologist. With advances in endoscopic technology therapeutic interventions in the pancreatic duct became available. Extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL) is still recommended to be first line treatment, hence peroral pancreatoscopy- (POP) -guided intracorporal lithotripsy is a promising supplement in endoscopic therapy especially if ESWL is unsuccessful or not available.
EVIDENCE AQUISITION: Evidence from published trials, abstracts and case reports on direct pancreatoscopic treatment of main pancreatic duct (MPD) stones was reviewed with focus on efficiency and safety of available technologies, endoscopes and lithotripsy devices. A systematic Medline and Cochrane Database search for relevant studies was performed.
EVIDENCE SYNTHESIS: Seventeen relevant publications meeting the inclusion criteria have been identified (two prospective series, seven retrospective trials, six case reports, two abstracts, for a total of 225 patients). Successful ductal clearance for POP-guided treatment was reported between 37.5% and 100%. Clinical success was reported between 74% and 100%. Adverse event (AE) rate for POP-guided therapy is reported with 0-30%. There is no reported mortality following POP treatment. Three ongoing trials found to be registered.
CONCLUSIONS: POP-guided lithotripsy seems to be a promising alternative in a very selected patient cohort. Good powered randomized controlled trials are needed to prove efficiency and safety of the new technique also for large numbers of patients before it can be recommended as general practice. The focus of future studies should not only be on technical success, but also clinical success and patient-reported outcomes (quality of life).

KEY WORDS: Gastrointestinal endoscopy; Pancreatic ducts; Calculi

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