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Minerva Chirurgica 2009 April;64(2):211-23


language: Italian

The role of laparoscopic surgery in the treatment of occlusive and abdominal aortic aneurys. Review of the literature

De Caridi G., Alimi Y. S., Hartung O., La Spada M., Stilo F., Carella G., Benedetto F., Spinelli F.

1 Unità Operativa Complessa Cattedra di Chirurgia Vascolare Policlinico “G. Martino”, Università di Messina Messina, Italia 2 Dipartimento di Chirurgia Vascolare Centro Universitario Nord Ospedale Nord Marsiglia, Francia


The objective of this systematic review of the literature is to evaluate whether a laparoscopic operation can be performed on patients with occlusive or abdominal aortic aneurysm as a minimally invasive and durable alternative. For this purpose, the literature was reviewed and laparoscopic surgery results were compared with those of conventional and endovascular surgery. All series were included, even when containing also one case. Operative and clamping times, mortality and morbidity and hospital stay were evaluated. Thirty-five studies were identified about conventional (4), minilaparotomy (4), endovascular (4), total (12) and video-assisted (11) laparoscopic surgery. Operative and clamping times were shorter for video-assisted procedures than total-laparoscopic procedures. The mortality rate ranged from 3% to 4.5% for conventional surgery, from 0% to 3% for endovascular surgery, from 0% to 6% for total-laparoscopic surgery and from 0% to 4.2% for video-assisted laparoscopic surgery. A variable morbidity was described for all techniques, with a higher incidence in total-laparoscopic surgery. Mean hospital stay was similar for laparoscopic surgery procedures. The learning curve of a surgical team performing laparoscopic surgery improves the results. Laparoscopic abdominal aortic surgery is feasible and may offer good postoperative recovery with excellent mid-term patency. Shorter hospital stay and simple mid-term follow-up allow more comfort for the patient and probably monetary savings for the community. A steep learning curve is needed. For these reasons laparoscopic video-assisted technique can be considered a third means of treating severe occlusive and aortic aneurysm, but only new instruments for performing aortoprosthetic anastomoses can diffuse the total laparoscopic technique as a routine approach.

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