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Minerva Stomatologica 2020 February;69(1):1-7

DOI: 10.23736/S0026-4970.19.04233-X

Copyright © 2019 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

language: English

Simultaneous photoablative and photodynamic 810-nm diode laser therapy as an adjunct to non-surgical periodontal treatment: an in-vitro study

Andrea AMAROLI 1, 2 , Ramona BARBIERI 1, Antonio SIGNORE 1, 3, Anna MARCHESE 1, Steven PARKER 1, Nicola DE ANGELIS 1, Stefano BENEDICENTI 1

1 Department of Surgical Sciences and Integrated Diagnostic (DISC), University of Genoa, Genoa, Italy; 2 Department of Orthopedic Dentistry, Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University, Moscow, Russia; 3 Faculty of Therapeutic Stomatology, Institute of Dentistry, I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University, Moscow, Russia



BACKGROUND: The use of lasers at different wavelengths has been proposed in combination with conventional non-surgical periodontal treatment in order to improve the clinical outcome of periodontal disease. However, the clinical use of laser photonic energy is still the subject of research and debate because the antibacterial activity of the laser is dependent upon method, laser parameters, quantity of bacteria, species selected and photosensitizers used.
METHODS: We evaluated the in-vitro bactericidal activity of 810 nm diode-laser irradiation in simultaneous photoablative and photodynamic mode against the major pathogenic bacterial organisms associated with periodontal inflammation and disease. We used indocyanine green as photosensitizer and the high-energy density of 161.7 J/cm2 or 215.0 J/cm2 for the photoablative-photodynamic irradiation.
RESULTS: The bacteria were drastically affected by the 215.0 J/cm2 irradiation in the presence of indocyanine green. In fact, the number of Porphyromonas gingivalis and Prevotella intermedia was reduced by 99.9% (P<0.001), while the number of Fusobacterium nucleatum, Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans, Tannerella forsythia and Actinomyces viscosus decremented by 83.3% (P<0.01), 86.8% (P<0.05), 75% (P<0.01) and 78.7% (P<0.001), respectively. P. gingivalis and P. intermedia were the only bacteria that were sensitive to the treatment with indocyanine green dye and 161.7 J/cm2 of laser irradiation (P<0.001).
CONCLUSIONS: Our preliminary in-vitro data suggest that simultaneous photoablative-photodynamic irradiation could be a promising therapy against a wide range of bacteria involved in periodontal disease. We believe that further additional in-vivo investigation is necessary, to enable a more complete picture of effectiveness within a clinical setting to be established. In addition, the use of a simultaneous photoablative-photodynamic therapy is suggested to reduce treatment time, without compromising the efficacy against the periodontal pathogens.


KEY WORDS: Photochemotherapy; Periodontitis, Bacteria; Indocyanine green; Photosensitizing agents

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