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Minerva Psychiatry 2022 March;63(1):19-27

DOI: 10.23736/S2724-6612.21.02222-3


language: English

Mood spectrum symptoms in a sample of workers complaining occupational stress: correlations with post-traumatic stress spectrum symptoms

Claudia CARMASSI 1, Rodolfo BUSELLI 2, Martina CORSI 2 , Sigrid BALDANZI 2, Martina CHIUMIENTO 2, Antonello VELTRI 2, Carlo A. BERTELLONI 1, Valerio DELL’OSTE 1, Enrico MASSIMETTI 3, Riccardo MARINO 2, Gabriele NECCIARI 2, Rudy FODDIS 2, Giovanni GUGLIELMI 2, Alfonso CRISTAUDO 2, Liliana DELL’OSSO 1

1 Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Psychiatric Clinic, University of Pisa, Pisa, Italy; 2 Department of Occupational Health, Pisana University Hospital, Cisanello, Pisa, Italy; 3 ASST Bergamo Ovest, SSD Psychiatric Diagnosis and Treatment Service, Treviglio, Bergamo, Italy

BACKGROUND: Post-traumatic stress diseases have been recently applied to understand the impact of work-related stress, but the frequent symptoms overlap and comorbidity with mood disorders induced authors to better investigate the relationship between these disorders with particular attention to gender differences.
METHODS: Authors collected socio-demographic, occupational, and clinical data of 345 subjects who presented at the Occupational Health Department of a university hospital over a 3-year-period (2016-2018). Study sample fulfilled the Trauma and Loss Spectrum-Self Report (TALS-SR) and the Mood Spectrum-Self Report (MOODS-SR), lifetime version.
RESULTS: Women reported significant higher rates in the following TALS-SR domains: loss events (P=0.000), grief reactions (P=0.018), emotional, physical and cognitive responses to traumas (P=0.011) and in the following MOODS-SR domain: rhythmicity and vegetative functions (P=0.000). A multiple linear regression model identified the following TALS-SR domains: emotional, physical and cognitive responses to traumas and maladaptive coping as significant predictors of MOOD-SR total score. In the end were evidenced strong positive correlations between TALS-SR total score and the depressive mood (R=0.561), depressive cognition (R=0.582) and rhythmicity and vegetative functions (R=0.500) domains of the MOOD-SR.
CONCLUSIONS: Noteworthy correlations between the two psychopathological dimensions emerged and this could bring to a better understanding of the mutual impact of both mood and post-traumatic stress symptoms on physical health in the contest of occupational stress.

KEY WORDS: Stress disorders, post-traumatic; Mood disorders; Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders; Occupational stress

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