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ORIGINAL ARTICLE   

Minerva Psychiatry 2021 March;62(1):29-36

DOI: 10.23736/S2724-6612.20.02127-5

Copyright © 2020 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

language: English

Validation of a short Persian-language version of the Temperament Evaluation of Memphis, Pisa, Paris and San Diego-Autoquestionnaire

Firoozeh DERAKHSHANPOUR 1, Hirash AAZH 1 , Ahmad DANESH 2, Aida S. GOLCHOOBIFAR 3

1 Department of Psychiatry, College of Medicine, Golestan University of Medical Sciences, Gorgan, Iran; 2 Department of Health and Social Medicine, College of Medicine, Golestan University of Medical Sciences, Gorgan, Iran; 3 School of Psychology, College of Humanities, Shams Institute of Higher Education, Gonbad-e Kavus, Iran



BACKGROUND: The original TEMPS-A is a 110-item self-report instrument assessing affective temperaments. It has been translated into 25 languages and validated in more than 12 languages in countries with different cultures. The objective of this study was to validate the Persian brief, 39-item version of the questionnaire.
METHODS: After developing the Persian version of the short TEMPS-A through a five-stage method including translation and back-translation, the final autoquestionnaire was validated in a sample of 331 participants from Golestan University of Medical Sciences in Iran.
RESULTS: Reliability as measured by Cronbach’s α was generally good for all TEMPS-A subscales, ranging from 0.632 (irritable subscale) to 0.811 (cyclothymic subscale). Cyclothymic, depressive and irritable were the subscales with the strongest correlations, while hyperthymic with cyclothymic and depressive, and anxious with hyperthymic showed no correlations. Hyperthymic temperament predominated in all participants, followed by anxious temperament. Hyperthymic temperament was also the most frequent temperament in the cases with more than one dominant temperament.
CONCLUSIONS: Brief-Persian version of TEMPS-A has a generally good internal consistency and can be a useful self-report measure for clinical and epidemiologic research purposes. However, it seems that further adjustments need to be made in order to make the instrument more appropriate for the Iranian culture.


KEY WORDS: Surveys and questionnaires; Affective disorders, psychotic; Iran

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