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Minerva Psichiatrica 2020 March;61(1):5-9

DOI: 10.23736/S0391-1772.19.02032-6


language: English

Cognitive training in virtual reality vs. cogpack in patients with schizophrenia: study proposal

Antonietta MOCCIA 1, Rossella ORTANO 1, Caterina FUSCO 2 , Marianna DI NUNZIO 1

1 Mercurio d’Oro Social Cooperative, Santa Maria Capua Vetere, Caserta, Italy; 2 DSM ASLNa2nord, Sant’Antimo, Naples, Italy

BACKGROUND: The treatment of cognitive deficits has become a relevant target in the therapy of schizophrenia and constitutes the primary object of the rehabilitation intervention. The constant progress of neuroscience and technology has led to an implementation of recovery-oriented practices and systems also through virtual reality (VR). The aim of this protocol is the activation of more rapid Cognitive Remediation treatments, through immersion in virtual environments with respect to the training in use.
METHODS: The trial will be conducted in parallel in two groups and will involve the participation of 20 subjects with diagnosis of schizophrenia spectrum and other psychotic disorders, according to the DSM-V diagnostic criteria: the experimental group (N.=10) will carry out cognitive training in VR while the control group (N.=10) will carry out the Cogpack computerized training. Both groups will be evaluated through the administration of BACS and LSP. The virtual environment will be a supermarket whose characteristics will favor the execution of cognitive exercises.
RESULTS: At the end of the training, all the subjects, will be re-evaluated by the BACS evaluation and the LSP then statistical analyzes will be performed to compare the two groups. There will be two follow-ups, at 6 months and 1 year.
CONCLUSIONS: The training on cognitive functions in VR can become an experiential tool to reach insight, self-monitoring, empowerment, self-esteem, relational aspects and self-determination.

KEY WORDS: Schizophrenia; Virtual reality; Rehabilitation; Cognitive remediation

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