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Minerva Psichiatrica 2019 December;60(4):174-9

DOI: 10.23736/S0391-1772.19.02023-5

Copyright © 2019 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

language: English

Relationship between stress, depression, anxiety and suicide ideation in nursing students: a cross-sectional study

Farshid SHAMSAEI 1, Safura YAGHMAEI 2, Lily TAPAK 3, Efat SADEGHIAN 4

1 Behavioral Disorders and Substance Abuse Research Center, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran; 2 Department of Nursing, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran; 3 Department of Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran; 4 Chronic Diseases (Home Care) Research Center, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran



BACKGROUND: Nursing students experience anxiety and stress that may be related to suicidal thoughts. The main of this study was to determine the relationship between stress, depression, anxiety and suicide ideation in nursing students.
METHODS: In this cross-sectional study 342 undergraduate nursing students of the Hamadan University of Medical Sciences of Iran were selected with censes sampling. The data collection tool was a Depression Anxiety and Stress Scale-21 Item (DASS-21) and Beck Scale for Suicide Ideation (BSS). The data were analyzed using Pearson’s correlation and multiple regression analysis. Data were analyzed using the SPSS v. 18.
RESULTS: Overall, 9.1% of the students were considered to present suicide ideation and 13.4% depression, 20.5% anxiety and 7% tress. Linear regression analysis confirmed that depression is significant predictors of suicidal ideation.
CONCLUSIONS: The findings suggest that interventions to prevent suicidal ideation among nursing students should include strategies to assess mental health and to improve positive coping strategies in managing distress to reduce depression and suicidal ideation.


KEY WORDS: Psychological stress; Depression; Anxiety; Suicide; Nursing students

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