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Minerva Psichiatrica 2019 December;60(4):169-73

DOI: 10.23736/S0391-1772.19.02021-1


language: English

Association of medication adherence and treatment satisfaction among psychiatric outpatients

Viswam SUBEESH 1, Hemendra SINGH 2 , Jocob JISSNA 2, Simon SONIA 2

1 Department of Pharmacy Practice, Faculty of Pharmacy, M S Ramaiah University of Applied Sciences, Bengaluru, India; 2 Department of Psychiatry, Ramaiah Medical College, Bengaluru, India

BACKGROUND: The success of any treatment is possible only if the patient is compliant with the therapy. The present study aimed at assessing the treatment satisfaction and medication adherence among psychiatric patients.
METHODS: A cross sectional observational study was conducted in the psychiatry outpatient department of Ramaiah Medical College, Hospitals. Medication adherence and treatment satisfaction questionnaires were used to collect information from patients’ adherence and overall satisfaction with the treatment. Association between the demographics and adherence was determined using odds ratio. Independent t test, Pearson’s correlation test and one-way ANOVA test was employed to assess the association and differences among the various categories of adherence and treatment satisfaction.
RESULTS: The study included 127 patients of which 57% were male and 43% were female. The mean satisfaction in the effectiveness domain was found to be 67.46±18.283, the side effect domain was 80.03±28.131, the convenience domain was 74.18±11.315 and global satisfaction was 66.82±21.132. A positive correlation was observed in satisfaction across the different levels of adherence. A positive correlation with treatment satisfaction was observed in the various domains of adherence such as the means of effectiveness (P<0.02), convenience (P<0.02) and global satisfaction (P<0.01) but not with medication side effects (P=0.093).
CONCLUSIONS: High adherence was observed among the study population and was associated with high treatment satisfaction.

KEY WORDS: Psychotropic drugs; Medication adherence; Patient satisfaction

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