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Minerva Pneumologica 2017 March;56(1):11-7

DOI: 10.23736/S0026-4954.17.01774-6


language: English

Assessment of the activities of daily living impairment associated to the loss of physical function in smoking subjects: a controlled study

Antonio A. CASTRO 1, 2, Ariádne M. DO LAGO 2, Aurizângela A. SOARES 2, Elias F. PORTO 2

1 Federal University of Pampa (Unipampa), Bagé, Brazil; 2 Department of Physical Therapy, Adventist University (Unasp), São Paulo, Brazil


BACKGROUND: Several factors related to smoking influence quality of life in smokers. These factors have direct influence on the capacity to accomplish daily activities. Verify the perception of the physical function of smoking and non-smoking subjects.
METHODS: This was a transverse and controlled study that analyzed a population with 20 to 60 years. One hundred smokers and 100 non-smokers subjects were recruited. A questionnaire of perceived difficulty, satisfaction, and importance for the physical activity was used.
RESULTS: The smoking group showed a higher difficulty in accomplishing their activities (P=0.0002) than the non-smoking group. The activity was found to be worse to be performed in the smoking group as for: go up and down a flight of stairs (P=0.0005), current walking capacity (P=0.001), long-range walking (P=0.0001), accomplish and carry groceries (P=0.003) and participating in long-term events (P=0.03). The smoking group also showed less satisfaction with the physical function (P=0.0001) than the non-smoking group in the same activities. There was no difference related to importance of each activity between the groups (P=0.2). The female smoking group showed a higher chance of perceiving their difficulty related to the physical function (OR=1.3 [1.09-2.04], P=0.02) as well as smokers older than 35 years old (OR=1.9 [1.02-3.34], P=0.001).
CONCLUSIONS: Smokers have more perceived difficulty and a smaller satisfaction with the physical function than non-smokers. Female gender and the age over 35 years’ influence on a higher perceived difficulty of the physical function in smoking subjects.

KEY WORDS: Physical fitness - Activities of daily living - Quality of life - Smoking

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