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Minerva Pediatrics 2021 Jun 07

DOI: 10.23736/S2724-5276.21.06301-1


language: English

Vitamin D and left ventricular dysfunction in pediatric dialysis patients; a tissue doppler study

Seham M. RAMADAN 1 , Hadeel M. ABDELRAHMAN 1, Nashwa M. AL AZIZI 2, Heba M. ABOUZEID 1

1 Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, Zagazig University, Zagazig, Egypt; 2 Department of Clinical Pathology, Faculty of Medicine, Zagazig University, Zagazig, Egypt


BACKGROUND: Assessment of the left ventricular function in the dialysis children and explore its association with vitamin D level and markers reflecting calcium and phosphate metabolism.
METHODS: In this case-control study, we enrolled forty children on regular hemodialysis and forty healthy controls from July 2019 to March 2020 at the pediatric dialysis unit. Echocardiographic evaluation using both conventional and Tissue Doppler Imaging (TDI) was done for all subjects. Vitamin D and its markers were analyzed to assess its association with ventricular dysfunction.
RESULTS: Diastolic function in children on hemodialysis was significantly impaired as evidenced by lower Mitral E/A velocity ratio (E/A), lower early diastolic velocity (Eˊ), and higher E/Eˊ ratio (Ratio of early diastolic mitral inflow velocity (measured by pulsed wave traditional Doppler) to early diastolic mitral annular velocity (measured by Tissue Doppler). in comparison with the controls. Most end stage renal disease (ESRD) participants had vitamin D deficiency. There was an important correlation between left ventricular (LV) dysfunction and both Vitamin D deficiency and hyperparathyroidism. Although our patients had normal systolic function by conventional and Tissue Doppler echocardiographic study, mean values of TDI- MPI (Mean Performance Index) in the haemodialysis group were significantly higher than in the control group, which indicates impaired global cardiac systolic and diastolic function.
CONCLUSIONS: Tissue Doppler Imaging (TDI) provides a good reflection of the LV diastolic function. As vitamin D deficiency has been substantially associated with worsening of LV dysfunction, we suggest that TDI and Vitamin D might be included in the routine follow-up of pediatric dialysis patients.

KEY WORDS: Hemodialysis; Ventricular dysfunction; Echocardiography; Vitamin D; Children

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