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Minerva Pediatrica 2019 Jul 25

DOI: 10.23736/S0026-4946.19.05555-5


language: English

Hypospadias surgery on YouTube: is it valid?

Emre KARABAY 1, Nejdet KARSIYAKALI 2 , Kemal KAYAR 1, Hikmet KOSEOGLU 3

1 Department of Urology, Haydarpasa Numune Training and Research Hospital, University of Health Sciences, Istanbul, Turkey; 2 Department of Urology, Cukurca State Hospital, Hakkari, Turkey; 3 Department of Urology, Istanbul Training and Research Hospital, University of Health Sciences, Istanbul, Turkey


BACKGROUND: This study aims to evaluate video clips of hypospadias surgery on YouTube and to assess their competence for basic steps of hypospadias surgery.
METHODS: The YouTube (http://www.youtube.com) was screened for videos of hypospadias surgery between 1 December 2018 and 20 December 2018. Videos were divided into three groups based on the subjective utility checklist scores as follows: highly compatible (Group 1; ≥7 points), moderately compatible (Group 2; 5-6 points), and less compatible (Group 3; ≤4 points). Groups were compared statistically.
RESULTS: A total of 100 videos were included in this study. The mean total score was 4.48 ± 1.97. There were 15 (15%) videos in Group 1, 42 (42%) in Group 2, and 43 (43%) in Group 3. There was a statistically significant difference in the total score, duration of videos, and like/dislike ratios among the groups (p<0.001, for all). There was a strong and significant correlation between the total scores and the step of glanuloplasty and skin closure (r: 0.805, p<0.001 and r: 0.770, p<0.001, respectively).
CONCLUSIONS: Our study results suggest that the educational content of the videos of hypospadias surgery on YouTube is unsatisfactory. We believe that such videos must contain information regarding the surgical steps of glanuloplasty, skin closure, flap transposition, and urethroplasty and detailed information about the suture materials.

KEY WORDS: Hypospadias; Learning resources; Medical education; Surgical procedures; YouTube

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