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Minerva Pediatrica 2019 May 23

DOI: 10.23736/S0026-4946.18.05235-0


language: English

Effects of antiepileptic therapy on bone mineral status evaluated by phalangeal quantitative ultrasound in pediatric patients with epilepsy and motor impairment

Gaetano TERRONE 1 , Vincenza GRAGNANIELLO 1, Antonella ESPOSITO 2, Antonio DEL PUENTE 2, Ennio DEL GIUDICE 1

1 Section of Pediatrics, Department of Translational Medicine, University Federico II, Naples, Italy; 2 Rheumatology Unit, Department of Clinical Medicine and Surgery, University Federico II, Naples, Italy


BACKGROUND: In epileptic patients with motor disability, it’s difficult to disentangle the effects of antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) on bone health from those provoked by impaired mobility. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of AEDs on bone mineral status by phalangeal quantitative ultrasound (QUS), a no-radiation and non-invasive method, in pediatric patients with motor impairment and epilepsy.
METHODS: We enrolled 56 patients (31 females, 25 males) with epilepsy and motor impairment and 24 children with only motor disability (13 females, 11 males). Patients were stratified by Gross Motor Function Classification System Scale (GMFCS) in 4 groups: group A1 with epilepsy and mild motor impairment (GMFCS levels I-II), group A2 with only mild motor impairment, group B1 with epilepsy and severe motor impairment (GMFCS levels III-V), group B2 with only severe motor impairment. The bone mineral status was evaluated by QUS and amplitude-dependent speed of sound (AD-SoS) Z-score was calculated for each patient.
RESULTS: The four groups showed no significant differences in age, gender and 25- hydroxyvitamin D levels. The group B1 had a statistically lower amplitude-dependent speed of sound Z-score as compared to group A2 (p<0.05). The multivariate analysis of independent factors revealed a significant correlation between amplitude-dependent speed of sound Z-score and Gross Motor Function Classification System levels (p=0.004). The mean Z-score value decreased by 0.53, increasing the motor impairment.
CONCLUSIONS: The bone mineral status measured as AD-SoS strongly correlates with severity of motor disability evaluated by GMFCS as compared to antiepileptic therapy and 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels.

KEY WORDS: Epilepsy - Bone health - Antiepileptic drugs - Motor disability

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