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Minerva Pediatrica 2018 February;70(1):46-50

DOI: 10.23736/S0026-4946.16.04254-7


language: English

Acute intoxications among Turkish children

Baran S. KIZILYILDIZ 1 , Kamuran KARAMAN 2, Selvi ÖZEN 3, Abdurrahman ÜNER 4

1 Department of Pediatrics, Private Istanbul Hospital, Van, Turkey; 2 Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, Yüzüncü Yıl University, Van, Turkey; 3 Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, Yüzüncü Yıl University, Van, Turkey; 4 Department of Pediatric Cardiology, Faculty of Medicine, Yüzüncü Yıl University, Van, Turkey


BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate characteristics, outcomes and clinical features of acute intoxications among children in Van region of Turkey.
METHODS: All cases with a diagnosis of acute intoxication admitted to the Pediatric Emergency Department of the Yüzüncü Yıl University of Van from June 1, 2010 to November 30, 2011 were evaluated. We retrospectively examined the medical records for demographical and etiological characteristics of patients below 17 years of age.
RESULTS: A total of 239 intoxications were recorded. The majority of patients were under 5 years of age. Pharmaceutical agents were identified in 137 (57.3%) patients. Antidepressants with a majority of tricyclic antidepressants were the most common drugs (29.9%). Non-pharmaceutical agents were identified in 102 (42.6%) patients, 38.2% of which were insecticides-pesticides following by plants (25.4%) and carbon monoxide (17.6%). The majority (93.8%) of cases were accidental poisonings. Fourteen cases of intoxications occurred as suicide attempts and 85.7% (N.=12) of those patients were girls. Of all cases, gastric lavage was performed in 36.4% and activated charcoal administration in 53%. After hospitalization, only 23 (9.6%) of all patients received specific treatment besides symptomatic treatment. Specific treatments involved hemodialysis and antidotes such as biperiden, ethanol, atropine, neostigmine and pralidoxime. During the study period, one patient died due to acute intoxication of pesticide. The mortality rate was 0.4%.
CONCLUSIONS: Our study revealed that pharmaceuticals were the most common cause of acute intoxications. While, insecticides-pesticides and plants were the leading non-pharmaceutic agents. Our data is important because it is one of few original reports on children with intoxication in Eastern Turkey.

KEY WORDS: Child - Emergency medicine - Therapeutics - Poisoning

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