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Minerva Pediatrica 2020 Sep 03

DOI: 10.23736/S0026-4946.20.05833-8

Copyright © 2020 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

language: English

Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation for congenital diaphragmatic hernia: how to begin?

Li MA, Pengjian ZOU, Junjian LV, Zhe WANG, Bo XIA, Tulian LIN, Jiakang YU, Yanqin CUI, Wei ZHONG, Qiuming HE

Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia Study and Collaborative Group of Fetal Care Center, Guangzhou Women and Children's Medical Center, Guangzhou Medical University, Guangzhou, China


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BACKGROUND: Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) is critical for congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH), who fails to achieve adequate oxygenation with conventional management. We aim to evaluate initial experiences with ECMO support in a tertiary women and children’s medical center in mainland China.
METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the establishment of ECMO for CDH Program in our center and analysis of five CDH neonates, who underwent repair during ECMO between December 2016 and December 2018.
RESULTS: The first ECMO for CDH Program in our institution was established and managed by a multidisciplinary team since December 2016. An alert of ECMO was prenatally created for moderate-severe pulmonary hypoplasia. Of sixteen admissions prenatally diagnosed moderate-severe CDH, eight neonates (50%) required ECMO but five (31%) received eventually. Veno-arterial ECMO was established from 3 hours to 41 hours of age (median 20 h). All the five underwent CDH repair after a stabilization period on ECMO, which ranged from 12 h to 122 h (median 58 h). There were no clotting complications, related to coagulating during CDH repair. Bleeding was the most common complication. Cannula malposition was detected in one case. Their median ECMO duration was 437 (range 85-946) hours. Neonatal survival was 80% (4/5) and 3 survived (60%) in the first three months of life.
CONCLUSIONS: Multidisciplinary team work, precise prenatal evaluation and skillful cannulation assist the successful beginning of ECMO for CDH. Our preliminary results would encourage other institutions, whose ECMO is not well-established.


KEY WORDS: Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation; Congenital diaphragmatic hernia; Neonates; Complications

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