Home > Journals > Minerva Pediatrica > Past Issues > Articles online first > Minerva Pediatrica 2020 Jun 05

CURRENT ISSUE
 

JOURNAL TOOLS

eTOC
To subscribe
Submit an article
Recommend to your librarian
 

ARTICLE TOOLS

Publication history
Reprints
Permissions
Cite this article as

 

 

Minerva Pediatrica 2020 Jun 05

DOI: 10.23736/S0026-4946.20.05736-9

Copyright © 2020 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

language: English

Morbidities and rehospitalizations during the first year of life in moderate and late preterm infants: more similarities than differences?

Anna SCHEUCHENEGGER 1, 2 , Bernadette WINDISCH 2, Jasmin PANSY 1, Bernhard RESCH 1, 2

1 Division of Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, Medical University of Graz, Graz, Austria; 2 Research Unit for Neonatal Infectious Diseases and Epidemiology, Medical University of Graz, Graz, Austria


PDF


AIM: To compare neonatal morbidities in moderate and late preterm infants and to analyze rates and causes for rehospitalizations during the first year of life.
METHODS: Prospective follow-up of a group of moderate and late preterm infants at a tertiary care hospital.
RESULTS: The study population comprised 215 infants (58% males; 60% singletons; 99 moderate and 116 late preterm infants) with a median gestational age of 34 weeks and birth weight of 2100 grams; 20% of them were small for gestational age. Moderate preterm infants more often had a diagnosis of mild respiratory distress syndrome (26% vs. 13%, p<0.01) and feeding problems with longer need for nasogastric tube feeding (median 9.5 vs 4.2 days, p<0.01) and parenteral nutrition (3.5 vs. 2.7 days, p<0.01), and longer duration of stay at either NICU (10.6 vs. 3.7 days; p<0.01) or hospital (13 vs. 11 days; p<0.01). Fifty-two infants (24.3%) were hospitalized at 67 occasions without differences regarding readmission rates and causes between groups. Median age at readmission was 3 months, median stay 4 days. The most common diagnosis was respiratory illness (43.3%).
CONCLUSIONS: Moderate preterm infants had more neonatal morbidities diagnosed, but the same rehospitalization rates than late preterm infants.


KEY WORDS: Moderate preterm infants; Late preterm infants; Neonatal morbidity; Rehospitalization

top of page