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Minerva Pediatrica 2019 Jun 28

DOI: 10.23736/S0026-4946.19.05337-4

Copyright © 2019 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

language: English

Sepsis and bronchopulmonary dysplasia as potential risk factors for parenteral nutrition-associated cholestasis in neonates: a meta-analysis of retrospective studies

Shunli CAO , Shiping NIU, Xiaohu WANG, Hongli GENG, Changkun YANG, Shan DU

Department of Neonatology, Zibo Maternity and Child Health Care Hospital, Zibo, China


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INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to evaluate whether sepsis and bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) are risk factors for parenteral nutrition-associated cholestasis (PNAC) and to provide suggestions for the prevention of PNAC in infants.
EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: Electronic databases (PubMed, EBSCO, Elsevier, Springer, Wiley, and Cochrane) were searched for studies published up to October 22, 2017. Associations between sepsis, BPD and PNAC were assessed using odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs). Heterogeneity was assessed using the I2 statistic, and subgroup analyses were performed.
EVIDENCE SYNTHESIS: Nine studies incorporating a total of 2248 cases were included in the meta-analysis. Sepsis was significantly associated with PNAC (pooled OR 2.04; 95%CI 1.23-2.85), but BPD was not (pooled OR 1.22; 95%CI 0.65-1.78). In a subgroup analysis, BPD was not associated with PNAC in either the non-Asian group (pooled OR 1.38; 95%CI 0.58-2.18) or the Asian group (pooled OR 1.05; 95%CI 0.26- 1.84).
CONCLUSIONS: Sepsis, but not BPD, was a risk factor for PNAC in this meta- analysis. Further studies are needed to confirm the findings.


KEY WORDS: Bronchopulmonary dysplasia - Parenteral nutrition-associated cholestasis - Sepsis - Meta-analysis

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