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Minerva Pediatrica 2019 December;71(6):511-4

DOI: 10.23736/S0026-4946.16.04497-2

Copyright © 2016 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

language: English

Association among nocturnal enuresis, body weight and obstructive sleep apnea in children of south Italy: an observational study

Pietro FERRARA 1, 2 , Giovanna C. FABRIZIO 1, Daniele FRANCO 3, Giulia SPINA 2, Francesca IANNIELLO 1, Annamaria SBORDONE 2, Ottavio VITELLI 2, Fabio QUINTARELLI 2, Alberto VERROTTI 4, Giuseppe SAGGESE 5

1 Institute of Pediatrics, Sacred Heart Catholic University, Rome, Italy; 2 Service of Pediatrics, Campus Bio-Medico University, Rome, Italy; 3 Unit of Food Sciences and Human Nutrition, Campus Bio-Medico University, Rome, Italy; 4 Department of Pediatrics, University of Perugia, Perugia, Italy; 5 Unit of Pediatric Endocrinology, Department of Pediatrics, Pisa University Hospital, Pisa, Italy



BACKGROUND: To evaluate the rate of nocturnal enuresis (NE), body weight and obstructive sleep apnea in children 5 to 10 years of age in South Italy and the possible association among these disorders.
METHODS: We have administered 1100 validated questionnaires, in Italian language, to parents and we have analyzed data with a logistic regression.
RESULTS: Forty-two percent of children had a BMI≥85th (group 1) vs 58.0% normal weight children at the same age (group 2). There is a higher number of overweight males compared to females without statistically differences. In group 1 there was a higher number of children with NE and obstructive sleep disorders and some children present with the association among these three disorders.
CONCLUSIONS: There are no statistically differences between two study groups for the association body weight-NE, body weight-NE-obstructive sleep disorders.


KEY WORDS: Enuresis; Body weight; Sleep apnea, obstructive

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