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Minerva Pediatrica 2019 April;71(2):103-9

DOI: 10.23736/S0026-4946.16.04267-5

Copyright © 2015 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

language: English

Spirometry in children with asthma and/or allergic rhinitis: comparison of FEF25-75% with the standard measures

Hatice EKE GUNGOR 1, Umit M. SAHINER 1 , Yasemin ALTUNER TORUN 2

1 Department of Pediatric Allergy and Immunology, Kayseri Education and Research Hospital, Erkilet Kayseri, Turkey; 2 Department of Pediatric Hematology, Kayseri Education and Research Hospital, Erkilet Kayseri, Turkey


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BACKGROUND: Forced expiratory flow between 25% and 75% of vital capacity (FEF25-75%), a spirometric measure of small airways, may predict the presence of airway responsiveness both in asthmatics and in allergic rhinitis (AR). We aimed to search the correlation between FEF25-75% and standard measures of spirometry (forced expiratory volume in the first second [FEV1%] and FEV1/FVC [forced vital capacity]) in different clinical conditions, that is in children with asthma, in children with asthma and AR, in children with AR and in healthy children.
METHODS: Children with asthma (N.=116), asthma plus AR (N.=25), AR (N.=75) and healthy controls (N.=52) were evaluated. Clinical examinations, spirometry and bronchodilation tests were performed.
RESULTS: In asthmatics there was a strong correlation between FEF25-75% and FEV1% (r=0.596, P<0.001); and between FEF25-75% and FEV1/FVC (r=0.740, P<0.001). In AR patients correlation between FEF25-75% and FEV1% (r=0.367, P=0.001); and between FEF25-75% and FEV1/FVC (r=0.534, P<0.001) were less prominent compared to asthmatics but they were still significant and strong. In children with both AR and asthma correlation between FEF25-75% and FEV1% (r=0.633, P=0.001) and between FEF25-75% and FEV1/FVC (r=0.539, P=0.005) were again significant. Pre-test FEV1% and FEF25-75% in AR patients were lower than that of the control subjects. After the bronchodilation, percentage change in the FEV1 in AR patients were significantly higher than the control subjects (P=0.010). AR patients showed significant increases in FEV1%, (P<0.001), FEF25-75%, (P<0.001) and (P=0.001) after the bronchodilation test. Within the AR patients, only 12/75 (16.0%) showed bronchodilation with salbutamol. Among the ones with a FEF25-75% <65%, FEV1% was normal in 6/43 (14%) patients in asthmatics, and FEV1% was normal in 3/9 (33%) patients in asthma +AR patients.
CONCLUSIONS: Besides the FEV1% and FEV1/FVC, the FEF25-75% may be a useful and early spirometric parameter to evaluate the children with asthma and or AR.


KEY WORDS: Diagnosis - Rhinitis, allergic - Asthma - Child - Spirometry - Bronchial hyper-reactivity

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