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A Journal on Pediatrics, Neonatology, Adolescent Medicine,
Child and Adolescent Psychiatry

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Minerva Pediatrica 2018 February;70(1):20-6

DOI: 10.23736/S0026-4946.17.04355-9


language: English

Inter- and intra-rater reliability of nasal auscultation in daycare children

Rita SANTOS 1 , Ana SILVA ALEXANDRINO 1, 2, David TOMÉ 3, Cristina MELO 1, António MESQUITA MONTES 1, Daniel COSTA 1, João PINTO FERREIRA 4

1 Department of Physiotherapy, School of Allied Health Sciences of Porto (ESTSP), Polytechnic Institute of Porto (IPP), Vila Nova de Gaia, Portugal; 2 Institute for Biomedical Sciences Abel Salazar (ICBAS), University of Porto, Porto, Portugal; 3 Department of Audiology, School of Allied Health Sciences of Porto (ESTSP), Polytechnic Institute of Porto (IPP), Vila Nova de Gaia, Portugal; 4 Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Oporto Hospital Center, Porto, Portugal


BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to assess nasal auscultation’s intra- and inter-rater reliability and to analyze ear and respiratory clinical condition according to nasal auscultation.
METHODS: Cross-sectional study performed in 125 children aged up to 3 years old attending daycare centers. Nasal auscultation, tympanometry and Paediatric Respiratory Severity Score (PRSS) were applied to all children. Nasal sounds were classified by an expert panel in order to determine nasal auscultation’s intra and inter- rater reliability. The classification of nasal sounds was assessed against tympanometric and PRSS values.
RESULTS: Nasal auscultation revealed substantial inter-rater (K=0.75) and intra-rater (K=0.69; K=0.61 and K=0.72) reliability. Children with a “non-obstructed” classification revealed a lower peak pressure (t=-3.599, P<0.001 in left ear; t=-2.258, P=0.026 in right ear) and a higher compliance (t=-2,728, P=0.007 in left ear; t=-3.830. P<0.001 in right ear) in both ears. There was an association between the classification of sounds and tympanogram types in both ears (X=11.437, P=0.003 in left ear; X=13.535, P=0.001 in right ear). Children with a “non-obstructed” classification had a healthier respiratory condition.
CONCLUSIONS: Nasal auscultation revealed substantial intra- and inter-rater reliability. Nasal auscultation exhibited important differences according to ear and respiratory clinical conditions. Nasal auscultation in pediatrics seems to be an original topic as well as a simple method that can be used to identify early signs of nasopharyngeal obstruction.

KEY WORDS: Nose - Auscultation - Acoustic impedance tests - Respiratory tract infections - Child

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Publication History

Issue published online: January 12, 2018
Article first published online: September 11, 2015
Manuscript accepted: August 14, 2015
Manuscript revised: August 4, 2015
Manuscript received: June 2, 2015

Cite this article as

Santos R, Silva Alexandrino A, Tomé D, Melo C, Mesquita Montes A, Costa D, et al. Inter- and intra-rater reliability of nasal auscultation in daycare children. Minerva Pediatr 2018;70:20-6. DOI: 10.23736/S0026-4946.17.04355-9

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