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Minerva Pediatrica 2017 June;69(3):194-9

DOI: 10.23736/S0026-4946.16.04081-0

Copyright © 2014 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

language: English

A tertiary care center’s experience with febrile seizures: evaluation of 632 cases

Hüssam ELSHANA 1, Meral ÖZMEN 1, Tuǧçe A., UZUNHAN 1, Ozan UZUNHAN 2, Emin ÜNÜVAR 2, Ayse KILIÇ 2, Burak TATLI 1, Nur AYDINLI 1, Mine ÇALIŞKAN 1

1 Department of Pediatric Neurology, Istanbul Medical Faculty, Istanbul University, Istanbul, Turkey; 2 Department of General Pediatrics, Istanbul Medical Faculty, Istanbul University, Fatih‑Istanbul, Istanbul, Turkey


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BACKGROUND: The aim of this paper was to evaluate demographic and prognostic features of febrile seizures (FSs) in a tertiary center in Turkey.
METHODS: A retrospective study of 632 children with FS was conducted from January 1995 to January 2002 in the pediatric neurology and general pediatrics departments of Istanbul University, Istanbul Medical School. Patients data was collected and eligible patients were included in the study.
RESULTS: There were 386 male (61.1%) and 246 female (38.9%) patients, with a male-to-female ratio of 1.57. Twenty six (4.1%) patients had prenatal, 104 (16.5%) patients had perinatal-neonatal problems. Age at first seizure was 3-72 months with an average of 20.1 months. While 193 patients (30%) were admitted with two seizures, 246 (39%) were admitted with three or more. Out of 632 patients, 501 (79.2%) had recurrences. In an average of 5.8 years (4-8.8), 30 out of 632 patients (4.7%) were diagnosed with epilepsy. First degree relative with FS, age at first FS less than 18 months, height of peak temperature (<38.5 °C), less than 1 or 3 hours between onset of fever and seizure, complex first seizure, complex FS were all related to febrile seizure recurrence in a statistically significant way. Some risk factors for subsequent epilepsy development included complex FS and less than one hour of fever before FS. No patient with FS had died.
CONCLUSIONS: Complex FS and less than 1 hour of fever before FS are common risk factors for both epilepsy and FS recurrence.


KEY WORDS: Demography - Epilepsy - Seizures, febrile - Prognosis

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