Home > Journals > Minerva Pediatrica > Past Issues > Minerva Pediatrica 2017 April;69(2) > Minerva Pediatrica 2017 April;69(2):135-40

CURRENT ISSUE
 

JOURNAL TOOLS

eTOC
To subscribe
Submit an article
Recommend to your librarian
 

ARTICLE TOOLS

Publication history
Reprints
Permissions
Cite this article as

 

ORIGINAL ARTICLE   

Minerva Pediatrica 2017 April;69(2):135-40

DOI: 10.23736/S0026-4946.16.04287-0

Copyright © 2015 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

language: English

Less physically active children are shorter

Udo MEINHARDT, Fabienne WITASSEK, Renato PETRÒ, Christiane FRITZ, Urs EIHOLZER

Center for Pediatric Endocrinology Zürich (PEZZ), Zurich, Switzerland


PDF


BACKGROUND: Current concepts of linear growth include genetic, endocrine and nutritional factors. Limited and controversial results exist regarding the effect of physical activity (PA) on linear growth. In 2009, we showed that PA promotes foot length in hypoactive children with Prader-Willi-Syndrome. In the present study we tested the hypothesis that PA related epiphyseal loading has a positive modulating effect on linear growth in healthy school children.
METHODS: In 99 healthy schoolchildren, we measured height, foot length and PA by tri-axial accelerometry. PA related epiphyseal loading was expressed as the product between mass (body weight) and acceleration (vector magnitude). Correlation between height, foot length and PA were calculated taking into account co-variables age, sex, parental height, lean and fat mass measured by DEXA.
RESULTS: Height SDS (P<0.015, r=0.245) as well as foot length SDS (P<0.001, r=0.363) correlated with PA. Multiple linear regression models showed that muscle mass expressed by lean body mass has higher correlation with PA, height SDS and foot length SDS than fat mass.
CONCLUSIONS: This study shows that physically less active children are shorter and have shorter feet. In analogy to the “muscle bone unit”, we propose a “muscle epiphyseal unit” which regulates local bone growth as long as epiphyseal plates are still open.


KEY WORDS: Growth and development - Motor activity - Accelerometry

top of page